Association of Vision Science Librarians

Eye Resources on the Internet

This is a very large list and may take a few seconds to load, please be patient.

This site was compiled on behalf of the Association of Vision Science Librarians and is maintained by Trish Duffel at the University of Iowa Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences. The Internet is in a state of constant change. While all care has been taken to verify the existence of each of these on the date of compilation and during updating of the list, some of these sites may have moved or ceased to exist.

The presence of a site on this list does not imply endorsement by AVSL nor The University of Iowa nor any affiliate. See the end of this list for additional information about this page and information about contacting us.

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AAPOS Home Page
American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. A resource for Pediatric Ophthalmologists, Strabismologists, related personnel and patients.
Information for patients about cataracts, cataract survery, and lens implants.
Academic Positions in Ophthalmology
see AUPO Faculty Positions below
Accessible Digital Media (Technology) Guidelines
WGBH Guidelines for Electronic Materials The WGBH National Center for Accessible Media (NCAM), a division of public broadcaster and access technology pioneer WGBH Boston, announces publication of "Accessible Digital Media: Design Guidelines for Electronic Publications, Multimedia and the Web." These guidelines, providing step-by-step solutions for making a variety of electronic media accessible to users with sensory disabilities, are now available free of charge online.
AFB CareerConnect®
A free resource for people to learn about the range and diversity of the jobs that are performed throughout the United States and Canada by adults who are blind or visually impaired.
Alabama Academy of Ophthalmology
ALAO website is a trade association made up of ophthalmologists who are licensed and practicing in the state of Alabama,and Corporate representatives who provide goods or services of value to ophthalmologists.
Alaska Optometric Association
News, meetings,web links, and directory search of optometrists.
Alberta Association of Optometrists
Website for professional optometrists in Alberta, Canada. It includes eyecare information.
Alkek Eye Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston
All About Vision (
A consumer guide to eyes, eye care and vision correction.
All India Ophthalmological Society
All India Ophthalmological Society (AIOS) is the largest Associations of Eye Surgeons in India with around 10,000 Active Members. Conference abstracts, CME, Full text journal articles, membership directory, newsletter and more. (may be slow to load).
ALZ Augenklinik München
Das Augen Lazer Zentrum.The The Alz Eye Clinic Munich (Germany) Website offers information on the most common procedures and highlights LASIK with illustrations and a video. Frequently asked questions are answered, and new procedures are described, such as customized ablation and wavefront technology. An animated QuickTour offers a summary of the Website's highlights.
AMD Alliance International
A global coalition of vision and seniors' organizations dedicated to the raising awareness of AMD and the options available for prevention, early detection, treatment, rehabilitation and support services.
AMDF: American Macular Degeneration Foundation
American Academy of Ophthalmology
This site serves the professional needs of the Academy's members.
American Academy of Optometry
About membership services, the Annual Meeting, News, additional links.
America Academy of Optometry Article Database
A database of articles dedicated to optical news and media. This source gathers articles from many resources. It is updated daily.
American Academy of Optometry, British Chapter
Tutorials and pages upon pages of Information for, by or about Optometrists and Optometry.
American Academy of Pediatrics. Section on Ophthalmology
Provides an educational forum for the discussion of problems and treatments related to ophthalmology in children. Includes pdf files of published policy statements.
American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. A resource for Pediatric Ophthalmologists, Strabismologists, related personnel and patients.
American Association of the Deaf Blind
A national consumer organization of, by, and for deaf-blind Americans and their supporters
American Association of Ophthalmic Pathologists
A professional association of medical doctors who practice, teach and or engage in research in ophthalmic pathology.
American Board of Ophthalmology
History of the Board, Mission and intent, Examination Statistics, Applications, Requirements, Dates and Deadlines, Requirements for Recertification. Links to the American Board of Medical Specialties.
American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists
ACVO is the association that establishes criteria for certifying veterinary ophthalmologists. Site contains profiles of diplomates, areas for professionals and for the public, a calendar of events, news items and related links.
American Council of the Blind 
A non-profit organization of blind and visually impaired. 
American Foundation for the Blind
Information about the organization, its services and publications. Includes the AFB Directory of Services for Blind and Visually Impaired Persons in the United States and Canada. Locate organizations in the United States and Canada that provide services to people who are blind or visually impaired and their families. The Services Center is based on the AFB Directory of Services for Blind and Visually Impaired Persons in the United States and Canada. You can use the Services Center to find a service provider by name, state, country, or service category.
American Glaucoma Sociey
Promotes excellence in the care of patients with glaucoma and preserves or enhances vision by supporting glaucoma specialists and scientists through the advancement of education and research. Has physician and patient resource centers.
American Nystagmus Network
Information about Nystagmus, links to a discussion group, ANN conferences.
American Ophthalmological Society
Promotes excellence in patient care, education and research, to address essential issues in medicine, and to advance the art and science of ophthalmology. Transactions of the AOS are available online.
American Optometric Association
About the AOA. Common eye conditions and diseases, children's vision, contact lens information, sports & vision, eyecare tips, an educations center (for kids, for teachers and for people considering optometry as a career). Recent press releases
American Optometric Foundation
The foundation for the American Academy of Optometry.
American Optometric Student Association
American Orthoptic Journal
Current Table of contents, search journal abstracts, Selected full text articles, "What is Orthoptics?", Past Issues, the American Orthoptic Council.
American Osteopathic College of Ophthalmology & Totlaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery
Profesional site for Osteopathic ophthalmologists. Includes directory of members and FAQ for patients.
American Printing House for the Blind, Inc.
APH is the world's largest company devoted solely to creating products and services for people who are visually impaired. Their publications, assistive devices, and materials are available through catalogs and online.
American Society of Cataract & Refractive Surgery: ASCRS
Members have access to images. Surgeon search service. Has meeting and government relations sections.
American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery: ASOPRS
Membership directory, Information about ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery: eyelid, orbit, eye, lacrimal, cosmetic surgery, oculoplastics, prosthesis, trauma, blepharoplasty, blepharospasm, thyroid eye disease, laser, facial surgery, fractures, congenital deformities, fellowship information.
American Society of Ocularists
The American Society of Ocularists is an international, non-profit, professional and educational organization founded in 1957 by technicians specializing in the fabricating and fitting of custom-made ocular prosthetics (artificial eyes).
American Society of Ophthalmic Administrators
The ASOA is a membership organization focusing on the business of ophthalmology. They publish Administrative Eye Care and offer Certification of Ophthalmic Executives. They offer online courses in administration.
American Society of Retina Specialists
Information about the society, its meetings and publications (including Retina Times). ASRS Community (for members). Disease Information (Information about Age-Related Macular Degeneration). Physicians search service.
American Uveitis Society
Resource for individuals with an interest in inflammatory eye diseases, including patients, families, researchers, ophthalmologists and other healthcare providers.
Anatomy and Histology of the Eye and Ear
University of Kansas Medical Center Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology.
Anatomy, Physiology & Pathology of the Human Eye
Maintained by Ted M. Montgomery, OD, this site includes descriptions, functions, and problems of the major structures of the human eye: conjunctiva, cornea, iris, lens, macula, retina, optic nerve, vitreous, and extraocular muscles. A glossary is included. There also is a test for color deficiency and two short quizzes.
Anesthesia Management During Cataract Surgery
Archive: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Evidence Report Number 16, Anesthesia Management During Cataract Surgery. September 14, 2000. Abstract | Summary | Evidence Report
Antique Spectacles and other Vision Aids
This website is the result of the collaboration of international educators and is maintained by Curator, David A. Fleishman M.D. "It is the place where we celebrate vision aids, especially spectacles. The Real Numbers of this website keep growing because Interesting Topics and Slideshows are added regularly." There are "quick links" for Librarians, Historians, Museum Curators, Eye Professionals, Researchers, Art Enthusiasts, Students & Teachers, Collectors, Fashion-Minded People, and Numismatists.
Aravind Eye Hospital
(NOTE: Be patient, site is occasionally out of service) Contains information about Aravind Eye Care System, information for patients and for professionals, and more. Aravind Eye Care System is the WHO collaborating centre for prevention of blindness located in Madurai, Theni, Tirunelveli Coimbatore, and Pondicherry, India.
Archives of Ophthalmology see JAMA Ophthalmology
Arizona Center for the Blind and Visually Impaired: Types of Vision Loss
Vision Loss Simulations. This site displays a video and audio presentation which includes simulated photographs of various eye conditions. From the Arizona Center for the Blind and Visually Impaired.
Arizona Ophthalmological Society
Serves as a source of educational, social, and ethical exchange for the member Eye MDs of the State of Arizona. Has a member's directory.
Arkansas Ophthalmological Society
Promotes and advances the science and art of medical eye care. Has information for public and ophthalmologists.
Armed Forces Optometric Society
Lists officers and mission statement. Has some web links.
Artificial Eyes
Paul and Jenny Geelen, ocularists and founding members of the Ocularists Association of Australia provide information about artificial eyes, the loss of an eye, making artificial eyes, and a blog about artificial eyes and eye loss.
The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO).
American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery. Site of EyeWorld news service.
Asian Eyelid Plastic Surgery Guide
About the special features, pros, and cons of Asian cosmetic eyelid surgery.
Asian Eyelid Surgery Resource
From the Meronk Eyelid Plastic Surgery Site: Cosmetic Blepharoplasty for the Asian Eye a self-contained 20 page sub-section of a larger web site devoted to eyelid surgery.
ASOPRS: see American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery
American Society of Ophthalmic Registered Nurses. Information about the organization and its publications, services and products, Information about Certification.
ASRS: see American Society of Retina Specialists
Assistive Technology Industry Association (ATIA)
As Seen From Here
founded by Joshua Young, MD, from New York University’s Department of Ophthalmology. Podcasts, audio and video clips available to anyone. These podcasts include reviews of articles, interviews of expert surgeons and academic leaders in ophthalmology, and programs on surgical techniques.
Association des optométristes du Québec
Web site in French. Sections for general public and optometrists.
Association for Education and Rehabilitation of the Blind and Visually Impaired
The Association for Education and Rehabilitation of the Blind and Visually Impaired (AER) is an international professional organization whose mission is to provide comprehensive support and assistance to those who work in all phases of education and rehabilitation of children and adults who are blind and visually impaired. AER was founded in 1984 as the result of a consolidation between the American Association of Workers for the Blind and the Association for Education of the Visually Handicapped.
Association for Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics (AOPT)
Hosts biennial meetings. For vision scientists interested in the exchange of information about ocular pharmacology. Publishes the Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics.
Association of Optometric Contact Lens Educators (AOCLE)
The Association of Optometric Contact Lens Educators is committed to fostering the highest levels of education in the areas of cornea and contact lenses and supporting the faculty in these areas at each of the North American schools and colleges of optometry.
Association of Optometrists (London, England)
Promotes the professional and clinical independence of its members and the profession .
Association of Regulatory Boards of Optometry
The Association of Regulatory Boards of Optometry (ARBO) is the federation of state, provincial, and territorial boards of optometry throughout North America. Boards of optometry serve as the licensing and regulatory arm of the optometric profession by formulating rules, or regulations, that govern and enforce the laws that grant the privilege to practice optometry, which are enacted by state legislatures.
Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry
ASCO's website lists Accredited Schools and College of Optometry, residency sites, optometric faculty directory, FAQ about optometry and links to related sites.
Association of Technical Personnel in Ophthalmology (ATPO)
Association of University Professors of Ophthalmology (AUPO)
Represents academic departments of ophthalmology with open positions and a newsletter.
Association of Veterans Affairs Ophthalmologists (AVAO)
Has a membership listing and pdf copies of newsletters.
Association of Vision Science Librarians (AVSL)
The Association of Vision Science Librarians is an international organization composed of professional librarians, or persons acting in that capacity, whose collections and services include the literature of vision. Among current members are individuals who work within libraries that serve educational institutions, eye clinics and hospitals, and private companies with an interest in eye or vision-related products and services. The Association is a Special Interest Group of both the Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry and the Medical Library Association. Site includes: Publications: Standards, Guidelines, Union List of Vision-Related Serials, Opening Day Book Collection, Core List Audio-Visual Collection, Publication Considerations in the Age of Electronic Opportunities. Includes links to a Subject Guide to Internet Resources in Vision Science, a list of Spanish Language Books, E-Books & Journals, CD-ROM Titles in Vision Science, Directories & Statistical Sources, Eye Care Statistics, and Library Catalogs.
Atlas of Ophthalmic Philately
Atlas of Ophthalmology
Online multimedia database.
Ophthalmology Internet and Medline Search Engine.
AUPO Faculty Positions
Faculty positions open in the field of ophthalmology
Australian College of Optometry
The ACO was originally founded in 1939 to train optometrists. Optometry training is now undertaken in tertiary institutions, however, the ACO continues to work closely with the University of Melbourne, and other Universities, in optometric education. The Australian College of Optometry promotes the visual health and well-being of the communities by leading the profession to build its knowledge base, attain and advance clinical skills and deliver the best possible optometric care.
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B-EYE: The world through the eyes of a bee (archived web site via Pandora)
Produced by Andrew Giger, a neuroscientist working on bee vision at the Australian National University. This is a fun site that allows the user to see a picture and then see it as a bee might see it.
Back of the Eye
Resource hub for Vitreoretinal information from John Andrews, MS, Biomedical Engineer.
Barnes-Jewish Hospital, Ophthalmology Dept., St. Louis
Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami School of Medicine.
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Miami School of Medicine. About the institute, conferences.
Bassett Collection of Stereoscopic Images of Human Anatomy
A collection of over 1500 images of the human body, with labels in Latin and English. Some eye realted images are available in this collection.
Benign Essential Blepharospasm Research Foundation (BEBRF).
Learn about blepharospasm and research related to its treatment.
Berkowitz Lab, Wayne State University
MRI of retinal vascular regualtion especially in relation to Diabetic retinopathy and Retinopathy of Prematurity. Videos and Images, latest results of the Berkowitz Lab.
Best of the Web: Eye Disorders
A directory from "Best of the Web" that lists select sites about eye disorders.
Beta Sigma Kappa
International Optometric Honor Society
Binocular Vision and Ocular Motility, 6th ed. by Gunter K. vonNoorden and Emilio C. Campos
Free access to full text of this book in either pdf format or in html full text. Despite the electronic distribution of this book the copyright remains with the authors. The authors appeal to each reader to limit reprinting the book or parts thereof to one copy for personal use only. The printing of additional copies or the distribution of such copies for commercial use will be considered by the authors as an infringement on international copyright law.
Birdshot Retinochoroidopathy
An informational site about BSRC and Uveitis. It has many names: birdshot retinochoroidopathy, birdshot choroidopathy, birdshot retinochoroiditis, birdshot choroidretinitis. If it is an eye disorder with birdshot in the name, this is the place for information.
A company that produces nutraceuticals for the eye. Includes a weekly newsletter that discusses nutrients and how they affect the eye and a regular column by the President of the company.
Meronk Blepharoplasty Eyelid Surgery site by Dr. Frank Meronk, California.
Blind and Vision Impaired, Resources for
A range of tools, sources, and solutions for blind and vision impaired individuals from Laser Eye Suregery Hub.
Blind Babies Foundation
The Blind Babies Foundation is a non-profit organization that provides services and programs to families, professionals and the broader community to meet the unique needs of infant and preschool children who are blind or visually impaired. Fact sheets on CVI (also available in Japanese), ROP, retinal diseases, optic nerve hypoplasia, and albinism are available in the Goodstarts section of this web site.
Blindness Forum
From "Human Diseases and Conditions."
Borish Center for Opthalmic Research
Indiana University School of Optometry.
Brian's Eye Story
A personal encounter with Age-related Macular Degeneration and choroidal neovascularization. This site is well worth a visit.
British Columbia Association of Optometrists
The voice of Optometrists across the province;it is prominently affiliated with provincial, national and government organizations
British Computer Association of the Blind
British Contact Lens Association
About the association. Clinical Conference announcements, continuing education sourses and scientific meetings.
British Journal of Ophthalmology
Current Contents, Archive of contents, instructions for authors, subscription information.

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California Academy of Eye Physicians and Surgeons
Serves the total visual health care needs of the people through public and professional education, membership services, and legislative advocacy. It is dedicated to the public's direct access to an ophthalmologist's care.
California Optometric Association
For CA professionals. Includes calendar of events.
Canadian Association of Optometrists
CAO is the professional association that represents Doctors of Optometry in Canada. It is also the national federation of ten provincial associations of optometrists and represents over 3,200 members across Canada. This site is committed to providing quality information about Optometry, the national association, and vision and eye health.
Canadian Examiners in Optometry (CEO)
Canadian Examiners in Optometry (CEO) is a not-for-profit corporation whose shareholders are the ten provincial Regulators. CEO was created by the Regulators to address matters of common interest. These include 1)describing the profession as practised in Canada, including describing quality practice, 2)assessing the competence of individual optometrists in the practice of optometry and providing the assessment results to the individuals and to relevant regulators, 3)providing mechanisms to evaluate the quality of practice of optometrists in Canada.
Canadian Neuro-ophthalmology Group
The goals of this site are to provide: 1. access to and awareness of neuro-ophthalmology in Canada, 2. an educational service for practitioners of ophthalmic and neurologic health care, 3. information about neuro-ophthalmologic events and web-based resources.
Canadian Ophthalmological Society (COS)
( About the society, its programs, services and affiliations as well as a calendar of events, and information for the public.
The Canadian Orthoptic Society (TCOS)
Current information on practice opportunities in Ophthalmology and Ophthalmology Subspecialties (and other specialties). Listings have been submitted by employers who are interested in reaching current Ophthalmology residents and fellows. Each posting includes a brief description of the opportunity, as well as contact information for all inquiries.
Carver Lab
See also known as the The John and Marcia Carver Nonprofit Genetic Testing Laboratory at the University of Iowa.
Cataract: Facts About Cataracts
National Eye Institute Information for Patients
Center for the Partially Sighted
Promotes independent living for people of all ages with impaired sight.
A website dedicated to William H. Bates, MD. The Bates Method never gained mainstream acceptance within the field of opthalmology, but has enjoyed some popular support. The web site contains a library of books about this method, as well as some computer programs that are meant to help people to learn and apply the method.
Centre for Eye Research, Australia
About the program, the school, and research in progress.
Children's Vision Information Network
A site aimed at the parents and others concerned about undetected vision problems in children. Includes information about vision and learning, amblyopia, vision therapy, strabismus, and more.
Children's Visual Health
Children with Special Needs. Part of Optometrists Network. Information for parents regarding children's vision and eye care.
Choosing Wisely
American Academy of Ophthalmology's list of Five things physicians and patients should question. This link is the ophthalmology subset of the more general "Choosing Wisely" initiative of the ABIM Foundation. The list of references in this resource is also very helpful.
CIBA Vision
Information for patients, consumer information about CibaVision products.
CLAO (Contact Lens Association of Ophthalmologists, Inc.)
Includes a link to the CLAO Journal with online discussion of current articles.
Clinic Compare
Information for patients including pages about Cataract Surgery, Blepharoplasty, and Laser Eye Surgery. UK-based.
Clinical Practice Guidelines for Optometry
From the American Optometric Association. Includes Care of the patient with diabetes mellitus, amblyopia, AMD, cataract, conjunctivitis, and many more.
Clinical Studies on the National Eye Institute Campus
Information regarding clinical trials being conducted at the National Eye Institute.
Clinical Trials Listing by Disease Category, Ophthalmology
Clinical Trials Listing from Center Watch, an International Listing of Clinical Research Trials
Cochrane Eyes and Vision Group
An international network of individuals working to prepare, maintain and promote access to systematic reviews of interventions to treat or prevent eye diseases or visual impairment.
Cogan: The David G. Cogan Ophthalmic Pathology Collection
An extensive collection of clinical ophthalmic cases and their pathology for use by researchers and clinicians to aid in preventing, diagnosing, and treating diseases of the eye and visual system.
Cogan Ophthalmic History Society
Abstracts, Meetings, Members, By-Laws, Gallery, Links to other sites.
Cole Eye Institute, Cleveland Clinic
College of Optometrists (London, England)
The College of Optometrists is the Professional, Scientific and Examining Body for Optometry in the UK working for the public benefit.
College of Optometrists in Vision Development
St. Louis, Missouri. This site includes a library of articles about many vision conditions and treatments, also information about the organization and links to other sites.
Colorado Society of Eye Physicians and Surgeons
An organization for Colorado ophthalmologists. Sponsors CE and advocates legislative actions.
Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, Department of Ophthalmology
Faculty, research, consulting, Viewpoint Newsletter, residency information. Academic Commons
Commission on Opticianry Accreditation
COA is the organization recognized by the U.S. Department of Education to accredit Opticianry training in the United States.
Computer Vision Syndrome -
Computer Vision Syndrome, about lighting, monitor placement and settings, eye strain, computer glasses, and more.
Conferences in Ophthalmology
The International Council of Ophthalmology's Events in Ophthalmology.
Connecticut Society of Eye Physicians
Represents more than 300 ophthalmologists in the State of Connecticut - and their patients. It has programs for education and advocacy.
Contact Lens Association of Ophthalmologists (CLAO)
CLAO's mission is to advance quality medical eye care for the public by providing comprehensive ophthalmologists and other eye care professionals with education and training in contact lenses and related eye care science.
Contact Lens Society of America (CLSA)
Has a member search engine. Sponsors an annual meeting and CE courses. It is dedicated to the education, evolution, and promotion of contact lens technology.
Contact Lens Spectrum
Table of contents, searchable archives, news, subscription information.
The Cornea and Corneal Disease: Facts.
National Eye Institute Information for Patients.
Cornea Society
Founded as the Castroviejo Society. Information for professionals.
Cornea and Contact Lens Society of New Zealand
Find a practitioner, patient information, professional links, conference and other relevant links.
Cosmetics and the eye
Product safety information from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
Council on Optometric Practitioner Education (COPE)
COPE is a committee of the Association of Regulatory Boards of Optometry (ARBO), which is the association that currently represents 50 US optometry boards, 4 US territories/jurisdictions, and 2 Canadian boards. Its mission is to: 1)coordinate the review and approval of continuing optometric education courses on behalf of state boards on a national basis; 2)reduce duplication of effort by state boards; 3)create a uniform method of recording continuing education courses on a national basis; 4)be the clearinghouse for information about continuing education programs and courses utilized by licensed optometrists to fulfill their continuing education requirements for license renewal; and 5) encourage program sponsors to offer high quality CE in appropriate settings with adequate administrative structure.
CV Online Compendium of Computer Vision
The site is maintained by Bob Fisher, Lecturer in the Division of Informatics at the University of Edinburgh. CV Online, intended for academic staff in the field of computer vision, provides a wealth of links to papers, bibliographies, research pages, databases, and commercial sites dealing with various topics in CV. Subjects include databases and indexing, geometry and mathematics, motion tracking and time series analysis, and visual learning, among others. Entries include links to research pages, topical summaries, or tutorials submitted to CV Online by experts; links to electronic mailing list archives; and various other online resources.
CVRL Color & Vision database
Provides an annotated library of standard data sets relevant to color and vision research. The focus of the site is primarily scientific and technical, but some introductory background information is also provided.
Cyber-Sight, Orbis Telemedicine
Cybersight combats the shortage of human resources for health globally by focusing on increasing the capacity of human resources in eye health through expert mentoring, patient care collaboration and mobile learning. These 3 principles help empower individuals and strengthen health systems world wide. Clinical Information, question of the week, featured cases, textbooks, frequently asked questions, an online community, and more.

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Deafblindness, A-Z
Maintained by James Gallagher who is himself, Deafblind. The goal of the site is to offer some help to Blind, Deaf people, "And especially Deafblind people, and those who provide specialized services for those who are Deafblind". Another goal is to make people more aware about Deafblindness. Learn the Deafblind Manual Alphabet and, the Two-Handed Manual Alphabet used by sighted Deaf people.
Dean McGee Eye Institute (Oklahoma)
About the Eye Institute, its facilities, people and services.
Deutsche Ophthalmologische Gesellschaft (DOG)
See German Ophthalmological Society
DGII: Deutschsprachige Gesellschaft für Intraokularlinsen-Implantation und refraktive Chirurgie
German speaking Society of Intraocular Lens Implantation and Refractive Surgery.
Diabetic Eye Disease Public Education Program
Links to educational documents from the NEI's National Eye Health Education Program (NEHEP)
Digital Atlas of Ophthalmology
a.k.a. the Robert Bendheim Digital Atlas of Ophthalmology, a database of images from clinical experience for the Ney York Eye and Ear Infirmary and colleagues.
Digital Journal of Ophthalmology
Original articles, grand rounds, Review Questions (and answers), patient information sponsored by Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School.
Digital Reference of Ophthalmology
The Digital Reference of Ophthalmology is produced by the Edward S. Harkness Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology of Columbia University. This educational resource contains images and text covering oculoplastics, cornea and external diseases, glaucoma, lens and cataract, vitreous and retina, neuro-ophthalmology, and paediatric and strabismus. Images may be used in lectures or teaching material provided that no changes are made to any of the images or text and no compensation is received. Further information on downloading and copyright permission is provided on the site., a United States Government Web site that connects the more than 50 million Americans with disabilities to thousands of trusted resources on disability-related issues, programs and services. Contains social media tools, such as a blog and a Twitter feed, to encourage feedback and interaction among visitors. is not just for Americans with disabilities, but also for parents of children with disabilities, employers, workforce and human resource professionals, veterans, educators, caregivers and many others.
Doheny Eye Institute, University of Southern California
Information about Doheney, the ophthalmology residentcy program, Medical Update (Items of general information on such topics as Corneal transplantation, Uveitis, and Glaucoma).
Duke University Eye Center
About the center, its services, and research programs.

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Embryo Images Online
See section on Embryology of the eye.
eMedicine: Ophthalmology
An online textbook of ophthalmology from Medscape reference.
The Emory Eye Center
About the Center, its services, research and teaching.
An educational site for ophthalmologists and ophthalmologists-in-training. Includes links to Ophthalmology Journals, trivia, words, mnemonics, PowerPoint presentations, the Question Bank of Ophthalmology, and more.
eRadiology, Lieberman's
This is not specifically eye-related, however, there are materials here of interest to ophthalmology students, residents and fellows. See the "Learning Lab" for cases on Orbital lymphoma, Facial and orbital fractures, Orbital masses, Proptosis, Imaging techniques for the orbit, Orbital cellulitis, Orbital calcifications and imaging of optic nerve head drusen, Plain films of the orbit, Neurofibromatosis, Tuberous sclerosis.
European Society of Cataract & Refractive Surgeons
European Association for the Study of Diabetes. Eye Complications Study Group (EASDec)
Its AIM is to promote the advance of knowledge on all aspects of diabetic retinopathy, including epidemiology, pathology, pathophysiology and treatment of this complication of diabetes mellitus.
European Association of Eye Hospitals
10 Hospital libraries formed an association for eye hospitals. Have benchmarking guidelines.
European Association for Vision and Eye Research (EVER)
About the organization. Also see the Foundation of the European Association for Vision and Eye Research
European Board of Ophthalmology
The EBO is a permanent working group of the Ophthalmology Subspecialty Section of the European Union of Medical Specialists (UEMS). The Board oversees the standard of ophthalmic training. Residency Review Committee has a recommended list of books and journals.
European Community of University Professors of Ophthalmology
European Eye Bank Association
The European Eye Bank Association (EEBA) is a technical-scientific organization comprising individual members from 83 eye banks from 22 European countries. Has a directory of members and eye bank standards. The country profiles covers Legislation and Quality Assurance matters. Related links section lists more ophthalmic associations and societies.
European Ophthalmic Pathology Society
European Society of Ophthalmology
Societas Ophthalmologica Europæa (SOE) = the European Society of Ophthalmology
EuroTimes: The Bi-Monthly Magazine of the European Society of Cataract & Refractive Surgeons
The full text of some articles regarding cataract, intraocular lenses, refractive surgery and related issues.
Events in Ophthalmology
The International Council of Ophthalmology's Events in Ophthalmology.
EVS: Enhanced Vision Systems
"Innovative Low Vision Solutions For People With Macular Degeneration." Visit this site for information about the Jordy Low Vision kit.
The Exploratorium's Cow's Eye Dissection
The Cow's Eye Dissection is one of the most popular demonstrations at the Exploratorium. For many years it has helped people satisfy their curiosity about what is inside an eye. The Exploratorium, housed in San Francisco's Palace of Fine Arts, is a collage of hundred of science, art, and human perception exhibits.
Eye and Vision Statistics
AVSL's Eye Care Statistics.
Eye Bank Association of America
News and updates, Education, and how to contact the association.
Eye Bank of Canada (Ontario Div.)
About the eye bank, donating your eyes, receiving a cornea and other information.
Eye Cancer Network, The
Edited by Paul T. Finger, MD.Ocular oncology: diseases, treatment and research. Eye conditions, eye basics, eye dictionary, other links. View photographs of certain eye tumors. Information about radiation, enucleation and more. Includes an online journal. Spanish and German language versions available.
Eye Cancer Page
Links to sites about ophthalmic tumors
Eye Care America
EyeCare America is a public service program of the Foundation of the American Academy of Ophthalmology. The mission is to preserve sight by raising awareness about eye disease and providing access to medical eye care. Contains an online resource of pharmaceutical assistance programs and drug information about many ophthalmic drigs.
Eye Casualty
A simple guide to casualty referral. The site contains patient information and also the most common ocular problems see in Oxford Eye Hospital and a summary regarding treatment and referrals. There is also a section on self-assessment.
Eye Exercise
Information about Dr. Martin Sussman's "The Program for Better Vision" how to order it, information about downloading.
Eye Health. Casey Eye Institute 
Eye Health Organizations Database
A database created by the National Eye Institute of eye health organizations.
Eye Injuries from MEDLINEplus
From the National Library of Medicine, citations and links for the general public about eye injuries.
Eye Institute of Utah
Information about the Institute and about Vision Correction Procedures, Cataract Surgery, Cosmetic Surgery, and more.
Eye Pathology
From The University of Illinois at Chicago. Includes Dr. Robert Folberg's Practical Tips for Physicians regarding preparation and gross examination techniques. Also includes an Interactive web-based instructional area with self-assesment exams for ophthalmologits and pathologists.
"Eye-Related Quackery" by Russell S. Worrall, O.D., Jacob Nevyas, Ph.D., Stephen Barrett, M.D.
An article appearing on the Quackwatch Web Site, a Guide to Health Fraud, Quackery, and Intelligent Decisions.
Eye Simulator
Highly recommended for ophthalmology residents and medical students. This application provides an eye motion and pupil response simulator, animations to demonstrate neurological testing, and quizzes to test comprehension. It also provides a set of patient cases with various neurological pathologies. The eye motion simulator demonstrates the effects of disabling one or more of the 12 eyes muscles and one or more of the 6 cranial nerves that control eye motion. Requires the plug-in, Shockwave and provides a link to it for downloading. Also see the Neurological Eye Simulator (if the Eye Simulator link does not work, try this link instead.)
The Eye Site
Information about nutrition and the eyes
The Eyes Have It
An interactive teaching and assessment program on vision care from the Kellogg Eye Institute, University of Michigan. "The Eyes Have It" allows trainees to review symptoms, primary eye conditions, etc., and then shift to a quiz mode to test their knowledge.
Eye Smart
From the American Academy of Ophthalmology, a site with a wealth eye health information for patients.
Images submitted to the online Atlas of Ophthalmology from physicians worldwide.
Ophthalmic Consultants of Boston. Information about Eye Diseases, Lasik and PRK, and an online Vision Test.
EyeCare America
A Public Service Foundation of the American Academy of Ophthalmology.
Links to online continuing education courses for optometrists, opticians, eye-care providers and staff.
eyeGENE™ National Ophthalmic Disease Genotyping Network.
VALID REGISTRATION REQUIRED. The National Eeye Institute (NEI) works with the vision community to initiate eyeGENE - National Ophthalmic Disease Genotyping Network. The NEI is committed to facilitate access to already existing CLIA-certified research laboratories within the vision community, as well as aid in the support of establishing additional CLIA-certified laboratories. The Network will assist in developing public and professional awareness of genotype / phenotype resources that are available to people with various ocular genetic diseases, their clinicians, and scientists studying these diseases. The Network will enhance recruitment of patients interested in participating in future clinical trials related to genetic eye diseases.
A site created and hosted in the United Kingdom with information for patients regarding eye conditions and eye health.
Resources and information about Vision, Eye Care, Contacts, Eyeglasses, etc., primarily for patients.
Eyelid Plastic Surgery
Meronk Eyelid Plastic Surgery, an in-depth online information resource designed to educate on the subject of eyelid surgery rather than promote the services of a particular surgeon or group.
EyePlastics (Oculoplastics)
Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery for Doctors, Patients, Ophthalmologists, Cosmetic Surgeons. Plastic and reconstructive surgery of the periorbital tissues including eyelids, eyebrows, orbit, and lacrimal (tear) system. Links to Discount medical books. Site Maintained by Mark Brown, MD.
Ophthalmology Grand Rounds, an index of ophthalmology cases and photographs for teaching purposes. The cases are presented during Grand Rounds at the University of Iowa Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences.
An interactive tool and database for querying human retina and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) gene expression that simplifies the process of extracting useful information from large gene expression datasets. (part of NEIBank).
Living with strabismus… also known as crossed eyes, lazy eye, wall eyes, squint, tropia, double vision, turned, floating, wandering, wayward, or drifting eyes.
from the editors of Cataract & Refractive Surgery Today. Created by a panel of experts, this Web site is designed to educate ophthalmologists through the archiving and sharing of high-quality video. Some of the surgical areas covered include cataract, refractive IOLs, laser vision correction, and cornea.
EyeWiki is an ophthalmic wiki where ophthalmologists, other physicians, patients and the public can view an eye encyclopedia of content written by ophthalmologists covering the vast spectrum of eye disease, diagnosis and treatment. Any qualified ophthalmologist, or ophthalmologist in training, is invited to contribute content to the wiki and post it immediately .
Ophthalmic industry news from the publishers of Cataract & Refractive Surgery Today, Catatact & Refractive Surgery Today Europe, Retina Today, Advanced Ocular Care, Glaucoma Today, and
EyeWorld (ASCRS Online News Journal)
A print and electronic News Journal for ophthalmology. Cover feature, newsroom, Multimedia theatre, e-mail consult, conversation pit, eye care marketplace, ophthalmology stock quotes.

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Ferris State University, Michigan College of Optometry
Information about the Doctor of Optometry degree program at Ferris State University, about the clinics and services.
Fight for Sight
The mission of Fight for Sight is to support vision research  to find the causes and cures for blindness and to help save the sight of children through support of pediatric eye centers.
Florida Society of Ophthalmology
Website for professional ophthalmologists in Florida.
Focus for Our Children's Unique Sight.
This is a parent-driven site with information about optic nerve hypoplasia and septo-optic dysplasia, both in terms of vision and other concerns that often accompany these eye conditions.
Foresight International
Foresight International sources Ophthalmic and Optical equipment and supplies for Opticians, Ophthalmologists, and optometrists through worldwidesuppliers and distributors.
The Foundation Fighting Blindness
The Foundation's purpose is to find a cure for retinitis pigmentosa (RP), macular degeneration, Usher syndrome, and related retinal degenerative diseases.
Frame Fixers
Professional eyeglass frame repair.
The Fred Hollows Foundation
The Fred Hollows Foundation is an Australian non-government organization which seeks to eradicate avoidable blindness in developing countries and to improve the health outcomes of Indigenous Australians.
Fred's Head Database
A blog from the American Printing House for the Blind.The Fred's Head blog contains tips, techniques, tutorials, in-depth articles, and resources for and by blind or visually impaired people

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German Ophthalmological Society (DOG)
Deutsche Ophthalmologische Gesellschaft. A bilingual site for students, health care professionals and patients: Information about the DOG; Annual Meetings; Associated Societies and Interest Groups; Calendar of Events; Mailing lists (German speaking); Announcements/literature; eye Information (German). You may toggle between the English language and German language versions.
Glaucoma Disease Information
Information from The Merck Manual Online. See also The Merck Manual Home Health Handbook for patients and caregivers: Glaucoma.
The Glaucoma Foundation
Describes the foundations programs and resources, information about Glaucoma, Patient Guide, Newsroom, sign up for Mailing lists, Newsletter.
The Glaucoma Home Page
from the Glaucoma Associates of New York and The New York Glaucoma Research Institute.
Glaucoma Public Education Program
Program Materials from the NEI's National Eye Health Education Program (NEHEP)
Glaucoma Research Foundation
FAQs about glaucoma, fact sheets and other information for patients as well as information designed for glaucoma researchers.
Glaucoma Research Programs of AHAF
American Health Assistance Foundation's Information about Glaucoma. The organization's goals for this site are to help support research and to educate the public about glaucoma. The site includes information about glaucoma, research in glaucoma, FAQ, illustrations, a list of top eye clinics, and more.
Glossary of Eye Terminology
Common terms -- symptoms, tests, treatments, surgery, diseases & conditions, anatomy -- eye doctors use.
Excerpted from Dictionary of Eye Terminology, by Barbara Cassin
Online Video Atlas of Gonioscopy. Learn about gonioscopy through the use of videography. It covers the basic examination techniques as well as more advanced techniques such as indentation and corneal wedge. There are video examples of most glaucoma-related diseases.
Goteborg University Ophthalmology (OftNet)
See especially the link to Research
Gross Anatomy of the Eye
Eye Lesson: A one page, interactive diagram useful as a jumping off point for understanding the basic anatomy of the eye. From The Joy of Visual Perception, York University, Toronto, Ontario.
Gross Anatomy of the Eye
From the University of Utah. Informative images.
Guide Dog Foundation for the Blind
Provides guide dogs free of charge to blind people who seek enhanced mobility and independence.
Guide to Toys for Children Who are Blind or Visually Impaired
The American Foundation for the Blind and the American Toy Institute's "Guide to Toys for Children Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired." Useful for adults with visual impairments who wish to participate in play with sighted children.

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Handbook of Ocular Disease Management
Information on how to manage commonly encountered ocular diseases, signs and symptoms, underlying pathophysiology, recommendations on treatment, and "clinical pearls". Eyelids & Eyelashes, Conjunctiva & Sclera, Cornea, Uvea, Vitreous & Retina, Optic Nerve & Brain. From the Review of Optometry.
Hardin MD - Ophthalmology & Eye Diseases
A Meta Directory, i.e. a list of sites that list sites about ophthalmology.
Hawaii Ophthalmological Society
Has members directory.
Hawaii Optometric Association
For HI optometric professionals.
HEAL: Health Education Assets Library
The Health Education Assets Library (HEAL) is a digital library of freely accessible, web-based multimedia teaching materials that meet the needs of today's health sciences educators and learners. Type "eye" in the search window.
Health On the Net (HON): Vision and Eyecare FAQ: index
Healthfinder - Eye health
Hot Topics, keyword search for "eye" or "vision" or "visual" in Healthfinder or Browse to topics.
Heart of America Contact Lens Society
Focuses on upcoming conferences,including courses, speakers, sponsors, exhibitors and online registration processes.
Helping Students with Visual Impairments
Helping Students with Visual Impairments Includes information about assistive technology, how schools accommodate visual impairments, selecting the right college, scholarships for students with visual impairments, and resources for students.
Histology of the Eye & Ear
Contains a number of histological images of parts of the normal eye. Images may be enlarged for better viewing. From the University of Kansas Medical Center.
Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania, Ophthalmology Department
Scheie Eye Institute
How Smoking Affects Your Vision (QuitDay)
A site dedicated to helping people quit smoking. This page discusses the effect that smoking has on vision.
How will artificial vision work?
from the "How Stuff Works" Site. The section on "How your retina works" is a nice summary. Many illustrations.

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Illinois College of Optometry
Information about ICO, admissions, student life, the curriculum, and the Illinois Eye Institute. Directories included as well.
Illustrations from
A resource for eye illustrations and artwork
Imaging and Perimetry Society (formerly the International Perimetric Society
About Perimetry, the IPS, meeting information, IPS news, membership list, IPS constitution, Perimetry Standards. Includes the Imaging and Perimetry Society Proceedings, full Text Adobe Acrobat files of the IPS proceedings from 1975 to 1999. (If asked for a password, click "Cancel" and continue to view file.)
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology. Official publication of All India Ophthalmological Society
Issues since 2000 availavble, most are full text. Many full text articles as far back as 1954 are available as well.
Independent Living Aids
Low vision aids and products for the blind and vision impaired.
Indiana University Department of Ophthalmology
The Eugene and Marilyn Glick Eye Institute. About the clinics and clinical services, research, residencies and fellowships, and more
Indiana University School of Optometry
Information about the program, faculty, etc.
A public health program for infants by members of the American Optometric Association in partnership with The Vision Care Institute of Johnson & Johnson Vision Care
Institute of Ophthalmology
Eye research center associated with Moorfields Eye Hospital and Fight for Sight.
International Centre for Eye Health (ICEH)
ICEH is a a Research and Education group based at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. ICEH conducts research into prevention and treatment of the major causes of blindness and works with other organizations involved in the prevention of blindness. The International Resource Centre disseminates information to health workers through the development and distribution of teaching and learning materials
International Council of Ophthalmology
Resources and Connections for Prevention of Blindness: Data, Publications and Organizations.
International Eye Care Organizations from the American Academy of Ophthalmology
Organizations concerned tieh eye care in developing nations.
International Eye Foundation
Through SightReach, three programs are available: Prevention (cataract, trachoma, river blindness, and childhood blindness), Surgical, and Management.
International Foundation for Optic Nerve Disease (IFOND)
International Glaucoma Association (IGA)
This International home page of the IGA gives access to information about glaucoma in English, International English,  French and German, although at the present time this is mainly in English. It will allow you to access information on ocular hypertension and developmental glaucoma.
International Glaucoma Review
The International Glaucoma Review Online Edition and the Searchable Glaucoma Database
International Perimetric Society (see Imaging and Perimetry Society)
International Ophthalmic Echography Organization see SIDUO
International Society for Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision (ISCEV)
Information about meetings, courses and standards. A newsletter, membership list and related links.
International Society for Eye Research (ISER)
Information about the organization, conferences sponsored by ISER and about its publication Experimental Eye Research.
International Society for Genetic Eye Diseases and Retinoblastoma (ISGEDR)
International Society for Low Vision Research and Rehabilitation (ISLRR)
There are some useful links on vision rehabilitation and low vision on this site as well as a newsletter and a list of pertinent event.
International Society of Refractive Surgery (ISRS)
Information for patients, locate a doctor, meeting and marketplace. Also, member's only services, member directory and ISRS interactive.
International Society Geographical & Epidemiological Ophthalmology (ISGEO)
ISGEO promotes the science of geographic and epidemiologic ophthalmology. This encompasses the epidemiological, clinical, educational, environmental and cultural aspects of eye disease, prevention of blindness, preservation of sight and visual rehabilitation. ISGEO provides a forum for presentation and discussion of research in ophthalmology of international significance and limited support of ophthalmologic research in developing countries.
Internet Ophthalmology
A non-profit organization devoted to the education and training of international eyecare providers. Site provides: Ophthalmology Discussion Group; Ophthalmology Review Journal; Cataract Outcomes; and a link to PubMed (Medline), FAQ.
Introduction to Eye Banking: A Handbook and Atlas
A Guide to Eye Bank Techniques, Corneal Evaluation and Grading. Full text of the book by George O.D. Rosenwasser, MD, CEBT & William J. Nicholson, M.D.
Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science (IOVS)
Table of Contents, some articles, searchable archives, subscription information
Iowa Academy of Ophthalmology
Society website includes ophthalmologist locator for Iowa
Iowa Department For the Blind
Iowa Lions Eye Bank
(Web site is occasionally down, however, The ILEB has a nice Facebook page)
Ischemic Optic Neuropathy
An extensive article on ION with diagrams and images by Dr. S. S. Hayreh and colleagues, University of Iowa. Part I is instroductory and suitable for laypeople, Part 2 is written with the ophthalmologist as primary audience in mind.

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JAMA Ophthalmology
(formerly Archives of Ophthalmology). Some articles available in full text. Table of contents, instructions for authors, past issues, physician recruitment advertising, search for abstracts of journal articles in Archives. Subscription information.
Joint Comission for Accreditation of Health Personnel in Ophthalmology. What is JCAHPO? What is Ophthalmic Medical Assisting? Why Hire Certified Personnel? Certification: Why & How; JCAHPO Education & Research Foundation; CE Program Listing ; News and Events.
Job seeking: Local EyeSite
A site that lists jobs in various eye care careers.
The John and Marcia Carver Nonprofit Genetic Testing Laboratory at the University of Iowa
The Carver Laboratory provides non-profit genetic testing for rare eye diseases. Most of the diseases that the lab studies are so rare that commercial tests would be unlikely to be viable for the long term. Genes available for screening by the Carver Lab have been extensively studied in the research laboratories of Dr. Ed Stone and Dr. Val Sheffield. By incorporating this research information into the design of the tests, the laboratory is able to offer genetic tests that provide the most clinically relevant information while keeping the tests affordable.
John Moran Eye Center
Department of Ophthalmology at the John Moran Eye Center located at University of Utah Health Sciences Center.
The Journal of Clinical & Academic Ophthalmology
The Journal of (Clinical &) Academic Ophthalmology is an electronic, peer-reviewed publication for articles contributing to the advancement of academic ophthalmology. It t serves as a national and international forum for the publication and scholarly exchange of ideas and information of interest to academic ophthalmology, including medical education, resident and fellow training, research in health education, policy, and regulation. | Older Volumes
Journal of Optometry
A peer-reviewed online journal from the Spanish Council of Optometry.
Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Journal of Refractive Surgery
Instructions for authors, table of contents and abstracts. Full text for subscribers only.
Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
from the Veterans Administration. See especially: Issues about Low Vision and Blindness. The Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development, vol. 36, no. 4 (Oct. 1999).
Journal of Vision
A free, electronic-only journal from ARVO.
The Joy of Visual Perception: A Web Book
A web book maintained by Peter K. Kaiser, York University, Toronto, Ontario.
Jules Stein Eye Institute
UCLA School of Medicine's Department of Ophthalmology. Information on patient care, clinical divisions, research, education, and faculty. Includes a directory.

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Kay Pictures
A British company specialising in children's vision testing equipment and related orthoptic equipment.
Kellogg Eye Center
University of Michigan, Department of Ophthalmology.
Kentucky Academy of Eye Physicians and Surgeons
Society website includes ophthalmologist locator for Kentucky.
King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital
Located in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, KKESH is a tertiary care ophthalmic facility operated by the Ministry of Health (MOH) of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The hospital provides quality tertiary ophthalmic care to the patients it serves and promotes the delivery of Kingdom-wide ophthalmic care through its outreach, educational, and research programs
Kresge Eye Institute
Wayne State University and Detroit Medical Center. Includes physician directories and information concerning patient care and research.

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Laser Refractive Surgery, see Refractive Surgery
LASIK, see Refractive Surgery
Web site of Dr. Kenneth Steinsapir, Facial and eye cosmetic plastic surgeon. Includes information about eye anatomy and eye plastic surgery procedures and a glossary.
Lighthouse International
A vision rehabilitation resource. See the Assessment Compendium and information on Adaptive Technologies.
London Laser Eye Surgery: Focus Clinics
Low Vision Gateway
Descriptions of many eye conditions and related support groups.
Low Vision Public Education Program
Program Materials from the NEI's National Eye Health Education Program (NEHEP)

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A site created to help support patients and caregivers of those with degenerative conditions of the eye.
Macula Society
Sponsors an annual meeting on retinal vascular and macular diseases. For researchers.
Macula Vision Research Foundation
Has eye education information.
Macular Degeneration Foundation
Macular Degeneration from Edel-Optics
Macular Degeneration Partnership (
Macular Degeneration Help Center. "A comprehensive online resource dedicated to age-related macular degeneration (AMD)." Site is frequently updated with reports about clinical trials and experimental treatments. Visitors can sign up for a free online newsletter. Searchable.
Macular Degeneration Program: AHAF (American Health Assistance Foundation)
Treatment, Risk Factors, Symptoms, News, Research, and Resources. The organization's goals for this site are to help support research and to educate the public about macular degeneration.
Macular Degeneration Support, Canada (Blog)
A blog established by Barry Wheeler, a Canadian information technology worker whose mother has macular degeneration.
Maine Society of Eye Physicians and Surgeons
Society website includes ophthalmologist locator for Maine.
Manitoba Association of Optometrists
Has an optometrist search engine by city. Has association links and eye information.
The Mars Letter Contrast Sensitivity Test
Formerly known as the The Lighthouse Letter Contrast Sensitivity Test. This site is about the test and includes an article from IOVS regarging its use.
Martindale's Health Science Guide - Otolaryngology, Otorhinolaryngology & Ophthalmology Center
A "Medical Multimedia Education and Specialized Information Resource".
Maryland Society of Eye Physicians & Surgeons
Address and contact information.
Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary
Information about the infirmary and its service as well as links to the Digital Journal of Ophthalmology, medical journals and organizations of interest, other related clinics and information about Boston.
Massachusetts Society of Eye Physicians and Surgeons
A non-profit organization of ophthalmologists dedicated to the public's direct access to ophthalmic care. Contains information about projects and conferences.
Mayo Medical Center/Clinics - Ophthalmology
Mayo also has information for patients about such eye conditions as cataracts and glaucoma.
McGill University Ophthalmology Dept.
See also: McGill University Vision Research.
MD Support
Macular Degeneration Support contains information and personal assistance for people dealing with macular degeneration and similar retinal diseases. Includes an 8 minute audio "What is Macular Degeneration?"
Medial Rectus Recession in Tenon's Capsule by Eugene M. Helveston, M.D.
A manual from Orbis telemedicine's Cyber-Sight
Medical Matrix: Ophthalmology
Ranked, Peer-Reviewed, Annotated, Updated Clinical Resources for Ophthalmology. Register to use, then click on Ophthalmology from the index page.
MEDLINEplus: Eyes and VisionTopics
The National Library of Medicine provides this resource of links to a number of MEDLINE searches, NLM and other government resources, and a host of other English and Spanish resources, all arranged by category. Other MEDLINEplus resources include:
MEDLINEplus: Cataract
MEDLINEPlus: Diabetic Eye Problems
MEDLINEplus: Eye Cancer
MEDLINEplus: Eye Diseases (General)
MEDLINEplus: Eye Injuries
MEDLINEPlus: Eye Wear
MEDLINEplus: Glaucoma
MEDLINEplus: Laser Eye Surgery
MEDLINEplus: Macular Degeneration
MEDLINEPLUS: Refractive Errors
MEDLINEplus: Vision Disorders & Blindness Publications 
Free publications in various formats from blogs to video download for iPods. Subject matter is primarily ophthalmology professional publications, but also contains patient-oriented blogs and publications.
Medscape Ophthalmology
Meetings and Courses in Ophthalmology
from the Ocular Surgery News International Edition.
Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy - SEE Eye Disorders
Merck and Company Online edition for health professionals
Merck Manual of Medical Information, Home edition
Online edition for patients. SEE Eye Disorders
Meronk Eyelid Plastic Surgery
For Annotations, see "Eyelid Plastic Surgery"
Midwest Eye-Banks & Transplantation
Michigan Society of Eye Physicians and Surgeons
Information for members and for the public including Eye Health Topics, ophthalmologist diectory and continuing education.
Minnesota Academy of Ophthalmology
Information for members and for the public including Eye Health Topics Archives.
Molecular Vision
A peer-reviewed web journal: Molecular Biology, Cell Biology, Genetics in Vision. Research Articles with a search engine for searching the journal.
Montana Optometric Association
Has a membership directory. Buyers guide. Information on Paraoptometric Section.
Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Trust
The site contains background and location information on Moorfields Eye Hospital (England). It also contains details about research and upcoming training courses.
Motion Perception: A Web Tutorial
(Requires Quick Time Plug-In). From the Perception Laboratory, Department of Psychology, University of Trieste, Italy.
Mount Sinai Icahn School of Medicine - Department of Ophthalmology
Mountain West Council of Optometrists
Information about sponsors, speakers and upcoming conferences.
An article database associated with the American Academy of Optometry dedicated to optical news and media. This source gathers articles from many resources. It is updated daily.
Museum of Vision
A service of Eye Care America, The Museum of Vision educates people about the eye, vision and the history of ophthalmology. Take a virtual tour of selected artifacts beginning with a small ex-voto of a human eye dating from the third-century B.C. The Museum of Vision's permanent collection traces the history of ophthalmology through the years.

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NASA Ames Research Center, The Vision Group
The Vision Science and Technology Group at NASA Ames Research Center.
National Academy of Opticianry
Founded in 1963, the Academy offers opticianry education and training in a variety of formats. They cover all aspects of education and training from career preparation (internationally known as the Career Progression Program), certification and licensing exam preparation and continuing education for beginning through advanced level opticians.
National Association of Veterans Affairs Optometrists
Has a directory of members; residence brochure; open positions in the VA; Newsletter.
National Association for Visually Handicapped
see Lighthouse International (2-1-2010, Lighthouse International acquired NAVH)
National Board of Examiners in Optometry
Exam guide, exam schedule, application, Test Points and National Board Articles.
National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness
Inclides DB-Link, a federally funded, national information clearinghouse that identifies, coordinates, and disseminates information related to children and youth who are deaf-blind. It provides publications, databases, and other resources for deaf-blindness.
National Eye Institute
News items, funding availability, links to many free pamphlets and booklets for patients, people at risk, and the General Public. Topics include Age-Related Macular Degeneration, Cataract, Diabetic Retinopathy, and Glaucoma. For information aimed specifically at patients, also see the National Eye Health Education Program, NEHEP.
National Eye Institute Strategic Planning
National Eye Institute Spanish Language Materials
Información de salud en Español.
National Federation of the Blind
The National Federation of the Blind is the largest membership organization of blind people in the United States. The National Federation of the Blind Jernigan Institute is the first research and training center in the United States for the blind led by the blind.
National Federation of Opticianry Schools
National Keratoconus Foundation
About keratoconus, research overview, a newsletter, and other keratoconus links, Also, information about the Foundation.
National Guideline Clearinghouse
(Website is sometimes slow to respond and slow to load.) A public resource for evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. NGC is sponsored by the Agency for Health Care Research and Quality in partnership with the American Medical Association and the American Association of Health Plans. Offers several entries pertinent to the eye and vision science. see also National Quality Measures Clearinghouse
National Library Service for the Blind & Physically Handicapped
a part of the U.S. Library of Congress
National Optometric Association
An organization for optometry students and optometrists who are classified as a minority.
Natural Eye Care
Conventional and complementary options for the treatment of common eye problems such as macular generation, glaucoma, cataracts, floaters, dry eyes, myopia, hyperopia & presbyopia and others. Includes research, nutrition, diet & lifestyle recommendations, eye exercises, vision & personality, visual hygiene.
A project for the ocular genomics community. Includes sequence and expression data for human and animal tissues and databases of eye disease genes and candidate disease regions.
NEI Photostream on Flikr
These are images from NIH-funded research. You may use these images freely as long as credit is given to the source. See the NIH Photostream for other images.
Neurological Eye Simulator
Eye motion simulation, a pupillary eye simulator (with virtual flashlight), animated demonstrations of neurological eye testing with voice narrative, quizzes, and a case based interface for simulating virtual patients with eye pathologies. This simulator requires the latest Marcomedia Shockwave plug-in and the latest Quicktime Plug-in.
The Neuro-Optometric Rehabilitation Association (NORA)
Information for patients and professionals. Patient information articles run the gamut from visual hallucinations to convergence insufficiency syndrome.
New England College of Optometry
About the program: clinical, academic, research; special and international programs, Calendar of events, Continuing Education. What is Optometry? Other Optometry Links.
New England Eye Center
General Information about NEEC, Medical issues, Features, education. New England Eye Center is affiliated with Tufts University School of Medicine.
New Jersey Academy of Ophthalmology
Has a directory search for NJ ophthalmologists and lists websites for eye organizations.
New Jersey Society of Optometric Physicians
Eyecare & eyewear information for consumers as well as providing a comprehensive on-line resource and reference library for New Jersey's optometrists.
The New York Eye and Ear Infirmary
Information for patients and professionals regarding the NYEE
New York-Presbyterian Hospital
Cornell University, Department of Ophthalmology
Edward S. Harkness Eye Institute, Columbia University
New York City: NYC Medical Practitioner - Ophthalmology
A lists of Ophthalmologists in New York City followed by a list of online Ophthalmology resources.
New York State Ophthalmological Society
Has a member directory to find ophthalmologists in NY. Has a What's New page and links to insurance forms and coding.
NFB-NEWSLINE is a free service that offers 24/7 access to over 275 newspapers, magazines, and TV listings to all members of the print-disabled community. A service of The National Federation of the Blind.
NOAH (National Organization for Albinism and Hypopigmentation) Albinism and Hypopigmentation
The purpose of this page is to provide information about albinism and NOAH (National Organization for Albinism and Hypopigmentation). This page is also for members of NOAH to post announcements of meetings and social events, and tell their success stories.
North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society (NANOS)
Professional Society information for members as well as some patient informational brochures on such topics as migraines, myasthenia gravis, pseudotumor cerebri, and thyoid eye disease (patient informational brochures).
Northeastern State University (Oklahoma), College of Optometry
The Nova Scotia Association of Optometrists
Has search engine for NS optometrists. Has eye information.
The Neuro-Ophthalmology Virtual Education Library, A web accessible collection of images, videos, lectures, and other digital media for use by neuro-ophthalmology professionals, educators, students, and patients. A collaboration of NANOS and the University of Utah Eccles Library, funded by a grant from the National Library of Medicine. see also Patient Portal: NOVEL.
Nutrition and the Eye
RNIB page regarding nutrition and how it affects the eye.
Nystagmus Network
Information about nystagmus.

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Ocular Differential Diagnosis by Dr. Frederick Hampton Roy
The full text of the 8th edition of this classic ophthalmology reference.
Ocular Microbiology and Immunology Group (OMIG)
Contact information, OMIG meetings, and helpful links for members.
Ocular Nutrition Research Studies on the leading causes of blindness.
Ocular Surgery News
A news magazine designed for Ocular Professionals. Full test news items, information about conferences and meetings, full color discussions of current surgical techniques. Find articles from Ocular Surgery News United States, Domestic Edition and all SLACK Incorporated websites.
Ocular Syndromes and Systemic Diseases by Dr. Frederick Hampton Roy
The full text of the 4th edition of this ophthalmology reference.
Ocularists Association of Australia
The Ocularists Association of Australia was founded as a way to ensure a high standard of service and care for artificial eye recipients in Australia. Includes a mission statement and code of ethics. Standards are under development. Some support groups are listed.
Ocutech, Inc.
Low Vision Aids for Macular Degeneration and Other Visual Impairments
Descriptions of available lenses.
Ohio Ophthalmological Society
About the organization, membership and legislation. Also community resources, practice management, educational opportunities and related links.
The Ohio State University College of Optometry
About the clinics, the college, its faculty, events and news.
Oklahoma Academy of Ophthalmology
Oklahoma ophthalmologist directory. Has legislative information and some internet links.
Old Dominion EyeFoundation / Old Dominion Eye Bank
Serving the Commonwealth of Virginia with offices in Abingdon, Annandale, Richmond and Roanoke
A site with information about common eye conditions and treatments as well as "The Eye Blog."
Online Journal of Ophthalmology
This international journal provides the opportunity for rapid peer-reviewd publication and video and audio presentations concerning basic and clinical aspects of ophthalmology and related field. It was first published in October of 1997. Includes Original papers, short communications, original case reports, and multimedia presentations. English or German language editions available.
Ontario Association of Optometrists
Has an optometry search engine and eye information.
Open Directory - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Eye Disorders
A list of lists about the eye.
The Ophthalmic Edge
Essential Lectures on Ophthalmic Ultrasound by Yale Fisher, MD. A Macula Foundation, Inc. site dedicated to educating professionals about the use of ultrasound in the eye. Includes videos.
Ophthalmic Education: Courses for Ophthalmologists.
A list of conferences and courses listed by the International Council of Ophthalmology.
Ophthalmic Education Resources for teaching medical students
A very helpful accumulation of resources from the International Council of Ophthalmology. Links, presentations, pdf documents intended to help ophthalmology educators in instructing medical students. See also ICO's Ophthalmic Education Home Page
Ophthalmic Pathology Interactive Laboratory Guide
Ocular Pathology Guide from The University of Oklahoma Dean A. McGee Eye Institute.
Ophthalmic Pathology Interactive Laboratory Guide/Altas
Sponsored by the University of Oklahoma Department of Ophthalmology at Dean A. McGee Eye Institute, this site consists of clinical and pathological slides along with accompanying text. It is not intended to be used as a textbook but rather should serve as a supporting photo atlas of ophthalmic histopathology to enhance the observers knowledge.
Ophthalmic Pathology Collection, David G. Cogan
An extensive collection of clinical ophthalmic cases and their pathology for use by researchers and clinicians to aid in preventing, diagnosing, and treating diseases of the eye and visual system. From the National Eye Institute
Ophthalmic Photographer's Society
The Journal of the Ophthalmic Photographer's Society is online. The website states "Citations are available for Volumes 1:1 (January 1978) through 19:2 (October 1997). Beginning with Volume 19:3 (December 1997), all citations are linked to PDF files containing the associated article."
Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
The official journal of the American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery published by Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. Contents, Guide to authors, subscription information, and full text articles for subscribers.
Ophthalmic Research
S. Karger AG, Basel - Tables of Contents for recent Ophthalmic Research, Journal for Research in Experimental and Clinical Ophthalmology.
Ophthalmic Society Database
A database maintained by the American Academy of Ophthalmology of ophthalmic organizations and societies throughout the world: meeting, leadership, and contact information. Relaunch date: 2016.
Ophthalmic Standardized Echography
Courses, workshops, training pragrams, examples, and links to national and international organizations about standardized echography in the eye.
Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers and Imaging: OLSI Retina
Formerly the publication, Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers and Imaging.
S. Karger AG, Basel, Ophthalmologica Tables of Contents.
Ophthalmologists in Australia
Ophthalmology - Journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology
Table of contents, instructions for authors, some full-text articles.
Ophthalmology Conferences, Congresses and Meeting, Kaden Verlag
A listing of Primarily International Conferences - Kaden Verlag, Germany (in German)
Ophthalmology Manuals
from Orbis telemedicine's Cyber-Sight
Ophthalmology Times
The online version of the news magazine.
Ophthalmology Tutorial. University of Manitoba
Aimed at medical students and intended to supplement their ophthalmology teaching. Tutorials on Acute Visual Loss. Chronic Visual Loss, Red Eye, trauma, Amblyopia, Neuro-ophthalmology, and Systemic Disease and the Eye.
Optometric Computing. Items and news of interest to the optometry field.
Optegra Yorkshire Eye Hospital
Web site for Yorkshire's only dedicated private eye hospital.
Optical Illusions
Visual Illusions Gallery from Sandlot Science. Examples of optical illusions. See also the exhibit at the Exploratorium, requires Shockwave.
Optical Illusions: Akiyoshi's illusion pages
Illusions created by Akiyoshi Kitaoka, Department of Psychology, Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto, Japan
Caution: Anomalous motion illusions images might make observers feel sick.
Optical Illusions & Visual Phenomena
Visual Illusion · Optische Täuschung by Michael Bach.
The Optical Society of America
The mission of OSA is to promote the generation, application and archiving of knowledge in optics and photonics and to disseminate this knowledge worldwide.
Optical Visualization (UCB Cornea)
University of California, Berkeley Computer Graphics : OPTICAL: Optics and Topography Involving the Cornea And Lens.
The Opticians Association of America
Opticians Association of America general information, membership information, optician forum, information about continuing education, web site announcements.
The Opticians Association of Canada
Has sections for professional opticians, student opticians and the consumer.
Information for potential Opticianry Students looking for step by step requirements to become a part of this field.
Optometric Education
The online full-text journal back to volume 1 issue 1.
Optometric Historical Society
An organization for persons interested in the history of optometry, spectacle lenses, vision science, or related topics.
Optometric Physicians of Washington
Has eye health information and an optometric physician's search engine.
Optometrist Jobs
Post a resume, find an optometry job.
Optometrists Network
Optometrists Network is a network of interconnected patient education and optometric web sites which educate the public about visual health and unique aspects of optometric care.
Optometrists in Australia
Optometry, Auckland, NewZealand
The Department of Optometry and Vision Science. University of Auckland.
Optometry Library, Indiana University
Indiana University - Bloomington Optometry Library.
Optometry Subject Guide
From the University of Waterloo Library, Links to journals, newsletters & indexes.
OSA OpticsNet
Optical Society of America. Optics and Photonics research, applications, and industry news.
ORBIS International
About the organization. ORBIS is a nonprofit, humanitarian organization dedicated to preserving and restoring sight in the developing world. Through innovative programs and partnerships, ORBIS produces long-term, sustainable solutions to preventable blindness that emphasize training of medical personnel, strengthening of in-country eye care institutions, and expanding delivery of quality eye care and prevention strategies in those parts of the world where the need is greatest.
Orbital Implants
On-line Movements from Integrated Orbital Implants. Information about developments in ocular implants and artificial eyes.
Oregon Academy of Ophthalmology
About the academy, educational opportunities and the way of serving three audiences: public, members and other Ophthalmologists. Includes a search engine to find ophthalmologists.
Oregon Optometric Physicians Association
Has eye health information and an optometric physician's search engine.
Orphanet is a database of rare diseases and orphan drugs. Its aim is to contribute to the improvement of the diagnosis, care and treatment of patients with rare diseases. Orphanet includes a rare diseases encyclopedia, which is expert-authored and peer-reviewed, and a directory of services. This directory includes information on specialised outpatient clinics, clinical laboratories, research activities and support groups. Orphanet is run by a consortium of European partners. Some of the disease pertinent to the eye include: Best Disease, AMD, X-linked Juvenile Retinoschisis, and Goldenhar syndrome.
Orthokeratology Academy of America
Has online version of The Corrected View, its journal. Serves orthokeratologists around the world. Has some consumer links and a professional membership page.
Orthoptics Australia
About Orthoptics, the association and conferences offered through the Orthoptic Association of Australia.
Orthoptics Online
American Association of Certified Orthoptics and The American Orthoptic Council website with Continuting Opportunities, training programs,and more.
Outpatient Ophthalmic Surgery Society
Providing education, information, and advocacy with government agencies for its members and their ASCs. Helping ASC owners and ophthalmic surgeons utilizing ASCs provide high quality, cost-effective surgical care.

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Pacific University College of Optometry
Academic programs, Continuing Education, Information about the campus and faculty.
Pan-American Association of Ophthalmology
Non-profit organization whose mission is the continuing education of ophthalmologists, the prevention of blindness, and the promotion of scientific and cultural exchange among ophthalmologists in the Western Hemisphere and the world.
La P@ge des Orthoptistes de France
The most complete French speaking website dedicated to orthoptics and binocular vision.
A large database of papers published in the "Journal Français d'Orthoptique" from 1969 to the present and also in the bulletin of the "Cercle d'Etudes, de Recherches et d'Enseignements de la Strabologie".
A directory of all the orthoptists practising in France and its overseas territories.
There is also a link the the 2Yeux mailing list.
Patient Portal: NOVEL (Neuro-Ophthalmology Virtual Education Library)
The Spencer S. Eccles Health Sciences Library, University of Utah–Salt Lake City, has created a patient portal based on a collection of patient brochures created by NANOS members in partnership with Nancy Lombardo and others at the Spencer S. Eccles Health Sciences Library. Each topic entry includes some or all of the following information links: a NANOS patient brochure, links into MedlinePlus for patient-oriented information, a live PubMed search leading to the most current biomedical literature, links to other authoritative websites, and links to support groups when available.
Patient UK: The Eyes and Vision - UK websites
This web site has information on eye conditions and a directory of patient support and self help groups.
A Patient's Guide to Glaucoma
A blog book written by physicians to help patients understand glaucoma. The web site is divided into chapters and over the course of 2006 will have a new chapter monthly till the book is complete.
Pediatric Keratoplasty Association
An association dedicated to the study of Pediatric Keratoplasty. Site includes Physician and eye information areas, research information, newsletters, meeting information for physicians and an interactive web board.
PEDIG: Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group
Includes information about the group, current studies, completed PEDIG Studies, a list of PEDIG publications, and a video describing performing Randot Preschool Stereoacuity Testing.
Pennsylvania Academy of Ophthalmology
An association of "Eye MDs". Some eye information. Calendar of events. Internet links to ophthalmic groups.
Pennsylvania College of Optometry at Salus University
The Pennsylvania College of Optometry evolved over the years to include programs in rehabilitation for the blind and visually impaired, audiology, and physician assistant studies. In 2008, the organization was granted university status and launched Salus University, of which Pennsylvania College of Optometry is the founding college. Salus is a Latin word for health and well-being.
Le portail de l'oeil et de la vision
French language. The Portal of Eye and Vision
Divided into 3 parts:
1) A directory of all sites about eye and vision
2) Information sites for general public about eyes, their diseases and their treatments
3) a part reserved to professionnals. It takes census of all ophthalmological products.
Prevent Blindness America
National voluntary health agency working to prevent blindness. The site contains Eye Facts and Fun, including Eye Health and Safety Tips, Glaucoma Information, and the Effects of Computers on Your Eyes.
Prevention of Blindness and Deafness (WHO)
Information and Goals from the World Health Organization
Principles and Practice of Low Vision Rehabilitation (PPLVR)
formerly the Low Vision Rehabilitation Network. The PPLVR Learning Community is a network for low vision rehabilitation (LVR) professionals and a supplement to the "PPLVR Online Living Textbook".
Protect Your Eyesight
Suggestions about how to reduce the risk of developing eye disease.
PRK, see Refractive Surgery
Puerto Rico Ophthalmological Society
Web site in Spanish language. Directory search for ophthalmologist. Some eye information.

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Rand Eye Institute, Pompano Beach, Florida.
About the organization, links to other sites.
Refractive Surgery Web Sites:
The presence of a site on this list does not imply endorsement by AVSL nor The University of Iowa nor any affiliate
Ask Lasik Doctors
Information about many aspects of LASIK surgery, FAQs and a Bulletin Board.
Laser Eye Surgery, About
An online guide that explains what you should know before surgery, what will happen during the surgery, and what you should expect after surgery.
Laser in situ keratomileusis, LASIK
from the Encyclopedia of Surgery
The LASIK Directory
A directory of LASIK surgeons.
LASIK Eye Surgery: About LASIK
Information from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
A U.K. site with a database of reviews rearding refractive eye surgery, both laser and non-laser.
LASIK Laser Eye Surgery Information & LASIK Surgeons
Laser Eye Surgery Information, LASIK Surgeon Credentials and LASIK Practice Locations.
Refractive Surgery and Non Surgical Refractive Corrections. HON: Vision and Eyecare FAQ: section8
Links to web sites on Refractive Surgery and FAQ's from HON (Health on the Net). Laser eye surgery.
This site aims to be an unbiased web portal; it was established and is run by eyecare professionals. It is an educational site that will allow you to read reviews, ask questions in the laser eye surgery forum and read about laser eye surgery risks.
Refraction Tutorial: Fundamentals for the Beginner and Expert By Todd Zarwell, O.D., F.A.A.O.
Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Blindness and Low Vision
Information and resource referral project of Mississippi State University.
Research to Prevent Blindness
Research to Prevent Blindness (RPB) is the leading non-government supporter of eye research directed at the prevention, treatment or eradication of all diseases that threaten vision
Retina: The Journal of Retinal and Vitreous Diseases
Journal Contents, search the Retina Archives, Calendar of events, news and announcements, retina-related societies, retina-related resources and sites.
The Retina: The Neural Organization of the Vertebrate Retina
In-depth information about the retina and how it works. Retina Circuits, Neuroactive substances in the Retina, Facts and figures concerning the Human Retina.
Retina Australia
Retina Australia, Inc., formerly The Retinitis Pigmentosa Society (RP Society), represents people who live with retinitis pigmentosa and other retinal dystrophies. These are degenerative diseases causing low vision and a gradual deterioration of a person's sight. The work of RA Inc. is carried out predominantly by volunteers, many who are vision impaired and know the implications of vision loss. Retina Australia is committed to raising funds to support research into treatments and a cure for RP and all other retinal dystrophies.
Retina International
Retina International (formerly known as the International Retinitis Pigmentosa Assoc. - IRPA) is a voluntary charitable umbrella association of 34 national societies each of which is formed by people with Retinitis pigmentosa (RP), Usher Syndrome, Macular Degeneration and allied retinal dystrophies, their families and friends.
Retina Reference
Lance Hahn's Retina Reference pages. Very nicely done, also has links to other sites.
Retina Society
Has a directory of members. Sponsors an annual meeting.
Retinal Microcircuitry Laboratory
University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Department of Neuroscience
Retinoblastoma Guide
A guide for patients from the Genetics Home Reference, the National Library of Medicine's web site for consumer information about genetic conditions and the genes or chromosomes responsible for those conditions.
A comprehensive database with all known inherited retinal degeneration-related genes and mutations as well as informative annotations. Browse by disease, chromosome, or mutation.
Retinal Information Network. Provides tables of genes causing inherited retinal diseases (Retinitis Pigmentosa, Macular Degeneration, Usher's Syndrome) and related information.
Review of Ophthalmology
Search of Archives, Links, "You make the Diagnosis", News and trends, Current Issue summaries, Calendar of events, Product Information.
Review of Optometry
A full text review journal.
The Ronald Lowe Library
Conjoint Libraries of the Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital and the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Ophthalmologists
ROPARD: Association for Retinopathy of Prematurity and Related Retinal Diseases
About ROP, information and links for parents, videos, and a newsletter.
Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Ophthalmologists
General Information, a history, patient information leaflets, application packs, examination schedules. An area for the public as well as one for members.
The Royal College of Ophthalmologists, UK
General information, a history, patient information leaflets, application packs, examination schedules.
Royal National Institute for the Blind, UK (RNIB)
London based Royal National Institute for the Blind. UK’s leading charity offering information, support and advice to over two million people with sight problems. Helps anyone with a sight problem – not just with braille, Talking Books and computer training, but with imaginative and practical solutions to everyday challenges. Funds pioneering research into preventing and treating eye disease.
Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, Australia

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San Francisco Matching Program
Also known as the Ophthalmology Matching Program, The SFMP runs 12 matches in several medical specialties to facilitate the application and selection process for residency and fellowship programs. This site also has listings of available vacancies for pre-residency, advances, and post-residency positions.
Sankara Nethralaya, India.
Public charitable Ophthalmic Hospital, India.
Saskatchewan Association Of Optometrists
Association of Optometrists providing eyecare. Has an optometrist search engine and eye information
Saving Vision
Saving Vision is a patient-information resource hosted by the American Society of Retina Specialists in collaboration with its Foundation. This site offers information for patients diagnosed with retina conditions and promotes the importance of care by a retina specialist.
A public service listing of grants and other funding types to support health research, programs and scholarship. Ophthalmology and Optometry Grants available. The main heading includes other medical specialties as well.
Scheie Eye Institute
The Department of Ophthalmology of the University of Pennsylvania Medical Center located at the Scheie Eye Institute.
The Schepens Eye Research Institute
The largest independent eye research institute in America. An affiliate of Harvard Medical School and located in Boston, Massachusetts.
San Francisco's Exploratorium Exhibit about Vision. Exhibits, Links to sites demonstrating visual illusions and other phenomena, see also the Exploratorium's "Not Fade Away: one man's journey into blindness."
Septo-Optic Dysplasia: Magic Foundation
A thorough description of septo-optic dysplasia and other concerns related to this eye condition. This page is a brochure written by a group of medical specialists for patients.
Societas Internationalis Pro Diagnostica Ultrasonica in Ophthalmologia, International Ophthalmic Echography Organization
The Silver Book: Chronic Disease and Medical Innovation in an Aging Nation, Vision Loss volume
Alliance for Aging Research partnered with the National Alliance for Eye and Vision Research (NAEVR) to produce The Silver Book®: Vision Loss volume. In addition to looking at vision loss generally, this volume highlights data on age-related macular degeneration (AMD), diabetic retinopathy, and glaucoma—which along with cataract are the eye diseases that disproportionately affect older Americans. All data are linked to the original on-line source where available, and are updated on a regular basis.
Simulators of Eye Diseases and Conditions:
Color Blindness Simulator
Eye Disease Simulations from the NEI
Neurological Eye Simulator
A Singular View
A book by Frank Brady about monocular vision.
Sjögren's Syndrome Foundation
An educational site for the Sjogren's Syndrome Foundation which pledges to offer information, advocacy, and support for patients and families of patients with Sjögren's Syndrome.
SNOF: Syndicat National des Ophtalmologistes de France
Especially see the photothèque.
Societas Internationalis Pro Diagnostica Ultrasonica in Ophthalmologia: See SIDUO
Society of Military Ophthalmologists
A society for active duty and former or retired ophthalmologists of the U. S. Army, Air Force, Navy, and Public Health Service with some helpful links.
South Carolina Society of Ophthalmology
South Carolina's Eye MDs. The activities of this society and some internet links.
Southern Council of Optometrists
SoCO is comprised of the state associations of the following states: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia and West Virginia. The corporation name is SECO International.
South Dakota Lions Eye Bank
Southern California School of Optometry, Marshall B. Ketchum University
Introduction, Academic Information, Course Information, Financial Information, Academic Calendar, Map, Optometric Oath.
Southern College of Optometry
Information for and about the Eye Institute, the College, Students and faculty.
SPIE: International Society for Optical Engineering
SPIE is a not-for-profit society that has become the largest international force for the exchange, collection and dissemination of knowledge in optics, photonics and imaging.
Stanford Vision and Imaging Science and Technology
Stanford Vision and Imaging Science and Technology is located in the Department of Psychology at Stanford University. Demos, facts and Software, links to other vision and imaging groups.
Statistics and Data, National Eye Institute
Current estimates for the most common eye diseases.
St. Luke's Cataract and Laser Institute - Eye care information encyclopedia
Strabismus: A decision-making Approach. by Gunter K. vonNoorden and Eugene Helveston
Free access to full text of this book in either pdf format or in html full text. Despite the electronic distribution of this book the copyright remains with the authors. The authors appeal to each reader to limit reprinting the book or parts thereof to one copy for personal use only. The printing of additional copies or the distribution of such copies for commercial use will be considered by the authors as an infringement on international copyright law.
Success in MRCOphth
This site contains electronic books for downloading, multiple choice questions, picture diagnostic tests, ocular motility videas and much more aimed at ophthalmic trainees and junior ophthalmologists.
Surgical Eye Expeditions (S.E.E.) International
fromerly Surgical Eye Expeditions (SEE) International, Inc. is a non-profit humanitarian organization that provides medical, surgical and educational services by volunteer ophthalmic surgeons with the primary objective of restoring sight to disadvantaged blind individuals worldwide.
Surgical Management of Strabismus. by Eugene Helveston
Free access to full text of this book in either pdf format or in html full text. Despite the electronic distribution of this book the copyright remains with the authors. The authors appeal to each reader to limit reprinting the book or parts thereof to one copy for personal use only. The printing of additional copies or the distribution of such copies for commercial use will be considered by the authors as an infringement on international copyright law.
SUNY Optometry
State University of New York (SUNY) State College of Optometry, General Information, Academic Programs.
Swiss Orthoptics SVO/ASO
Syndicat National des Ophtalmologistes de France
Phototheque, Annonces, Conges, Art, Histoire, Liens.

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Talking Newspaper Association, UK
for people with Low Vision.
Tear Film & Ocular Surface Society
Purpose is to advance the research, literacy & educational aspects of the scientific field of the tearfilm and ocular surface.
Tennessee Academy of Ophthalmology
About the Academy, their education and the provided resources of assistance. Includes an ophthalmologist search engine.
Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired
TSBVI has materials and information about communication and learning. Go to the Instruction section, and click on MIVI to look at Experience Stories for Functionally Blind Pre-Readers and Object Books. Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired TSBVI's newsletter SEE/HEAR has a couple of articles discussing daily living skills and routines. See Toilet training children with deaf/blindness: Issues and strategies in the Summer 2000 issue, and Make it routine in the SEE/HEAR archive.
Texas Tech University Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences
Top Ophthalmologists, Guide to America's
from Consumers' Research Council of America
Top Optometrists, Guide to America's
from Consumers' Research Council of America
Transactions of the American Ophthalmological Society
Issues from 2001 forward available online.
20/20 Magazine
Optician site. Lenses, frams, fashions for eyewear

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UEMS Specialist Section of Ophthalmology
Section of Ophthalmology of the European Union of Medical Specialists (Section d’ophtalmologie de l’Union Européenne des Médecins Spécialistes)
The Ultimate Guide to the Human Eye
A guide about the eye from "Start Local" in Australia
The Ultimate Guide for Blind and Visually Impaired College Students
A guide from includes a top-ten list for students with visual disabilities and a list of organizations that sponsor grants and scholarships for students with visual impairmaent.
Unite for Sight
A nonprofit organization that empowers communities worldwide to improve eye health and eliminate preventable blindness.
Ultrasound of the Eye: The Ophthalmic Edge
Essential Lectures on Ophthalmic Ultrasound by Yale Fisher, MD. A Macula Foundation, Inc. site dedicated to educating professionals about the use of ultrasound in the eye. Includes videos.
University College, London. Institute of Ophthalmology
University of Arizona, Department of Ophthalmology
Glaucoma update, Lions Eye Care, Residency Program, Refractive surgery, Software for Ophthalmology.
University of California, Berkeley School of Optometry
Also see: University of California, Berkeley, Pamela and Kenneth Fong Optometry & Health Sciences Library
University of California, San Diego, Shiley Eye Center
UCSD site. A photofile page and a "fun and entertainment" link.
University of California, San Francisco, Ophthalmology
UCSF Ophthalmology Department. About the Dept, Beckman Vision Center, That Man May See Foundation, Proctor Foundation. Visions Online, Digital Darkroom Projects, other ophthalmology sites.
University of Houston College of Optometry
Information for patients, information about educational programs at UHCO, research interests, and faculty information. See also the University of Houston Optometry Library.
University of Illinois, Chicago: Eye & Ear Infirmary. UIC Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences
Information about the department, information for patient carem history of the department.
University of Iowa Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences
Department overview, Programs and faculty, informational articles. Also see: the ophthalmology residency program, and ophthalmology fellowships at the University of Iowa.
University of Kentucky, Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences Department
About Ophthalmology at Kentucky, the residency program, the staff, and the services.
University of Liverpool: Division of Orthoptics
University of Louisville [Kentucky], The Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences
University of Manitoba, Department of Ophthalmology
This site has been developed primarily as a resource for medical students at the University of Manitoba to complement their teaching in ophthalmology. However, anyone interested in ophthalmology should be able to benefit from the site, particularly medical students, residents, and primary care providers. The highlight of the site is the Internet Tutorial, which is a case-based, interactive experience that tests your ophthalmology knowledge. The Educational Links provided link to other useful ophthalmology sites. The majority of these sites are educational in nature.
University of Melbourne, Ophthalmology
Melbourne Medical School, Department of Ophthalmology
University of Melbourne, Optometry
Australian College of Optometry (formerly Victorian College of Optometry and Vision Sciences). Also see University of Melborne, Eye Care
University of Melbourne, Department of Optometry, Faculty of Science
University of Michigan Kellogg Eye Center
About the Kellogg Eye Center, patient services, and an excellent section on Eye Conditions and Diseases written for patients, this section alone make it well worth the visit.
University of Missouri, Kansas City, Department of Ophthalmology
UMKC, Department overview, Programs and faculty.
University of Oxford. Nuffield Laboratory of Ophthalmology
Information about the laboratory, its research, and publications. Links to other sites. The Patient Advice Leaflets are helpful information for patients.
University of Pennsylvania, Scheie Eye Institute
University of Rochester, Center for Visual Science
University of Sheffield, Academic Unit of Ophthalmology and Orthoptics
About the Unit. See also Information about the Orthoptic Program and about orthoptics.
University of Tennessee, Memphis, Ophthalmology
University of Utah, Department of Ophthalmology, John Moran Eye Center
University of Washington, Department of Ophthalmology
Administrative information, Research and Education, special events, ophthalmic images.
University of Waterloo, School of Optometry
About the program. See also the University of Waterloo, Optometry Electronic Library (WWElib), with information about the library, library research skills, technical writing pointers, and sources of information in optometry.
University of Wisconsin: Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences
General information, physician referral, department news, training programs, research studies, upcoming conferences, clinical trials. Also see the University of Wisconsin's Medical Student Case Study Workbook and the Ophthalmic Pathology Interactive Laboratory Guide
Useful Numbers in Vision Science
A class handout from UC Davis Instructor, Bruno A. Olshausen which also includes Degrees, radiansm retinal size, and sampling, and others.
Utah Ophthalmological Society
Provides public information as well as updates members and other ophthalmic professionals on current news and educational opportunities. Online Directory of members.
Utah Optometric Association
Has a doctor locator. Has a market place and calendar of events.
Uveitis Interest Group
A patient led charity, based in the UK, run by volunteers who suffer from uveitis. The site includes a newsletter, factsheets, and the journal, Uveitis available as downloadable pdf files.

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Vanderbilt Eye Institute
Ophthalmic imaging, diabetic retinopathy screening/digital detection, pending legislation, and information about the program at Vanderbilt.
Verband der Spezialkliniken Deutschlands für Augenlaser und Refraktive Chirurgie e.V.
Der Verband der Spezialkliniken Deutschlands fuer Augenlaser und Refraktive Chirurgie e.V. (VSDAR) hat es sich zum Ziel gesetzt, umfassend ueber die operativen Methoden zur Korrektur der Fehlsichtigkeiten zu informieren und aufzuklaeren. Ausserdem unterstuetzt er seine Mitglieder bei der Qualitaetssicherung sowie der Weiterentwicklung der eingesetzten Verfahren.
[German Language. The Association of German Clinics for Eye Laser and Refractive Surgery (VSDAR) attempts to educate and inform patients about the opportunities of operative vision correction. Furthermore, the association supports its members in quality assurance issues and the further development of the treatment.]
Vesalius Image Archive: Eye Anatomy
An online graphical resource including an Image Archive, a hierarchically-structured repository of anatomical and surgical images. All of the images, illustrations, photographs, animations, and multimedia resources are freely available for downloading and non-commercial use.
Veteran's Eye Care
A website for Veterans organized and provided through The American Academy of Ophthalmology's partnership with the Association of Veterans Affairs. Whether young or old, America’s veterans are facing more eye-related conditions, diseases and injuries than ever before. Recent veterans experience more eye trauma, and older veterans face eye conditions and diseases common with aging, as well as eye injuries sustained in battle.
The VI Family Network
Links to Australian low vision resources, newsletters from partner organisations and events that might interets families. The VI Family Network is also home to the Australian Childhood Vision Impairment Register.
View Finder Low Vision Resource Center
Dr. Lynne Noon's ViewFinder Low Vision Resource Center is based in Sun City and Mesa, AZ. "Services & Products for People with Visual Impairment" is of particular interest.
Virginia Commonwealth University, Medical College of Virginia, Dept. of Ophthalmology
General information, departmental information, activities, case reports
Virginia Society of Ophthalmology
Nonprofit organization committed to heightening public awareness that eye disease and blindness can be reduced through prevention, and early detection and treatment. Online Newsletter. Some internet links.
A commercially produced site about color blindness. Contains a good bibliography of color vision resources. Includes a color blindness simulator. Vischeck is a way of showing what things look like to someone who is color blind. Try Vischeck online- either run Vischeck on your own image files or run Vischeck on a web page. You can also download programs to let you run it on your own computer.
Vision 2020
Vision 2020: The Right to Sight is a joint program of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness (IAPB) with an international membership of NGOs, professional associations, eye care institutions and corporations.
Vision and Art
The Use of Visual Information in Art .
Vision and Modeling Group
Vision and Modeling Group of the MIT Media Laboratory studies problems in computer vision and scene modeling. Image compression, perception of human action.
Vision Australia
RVIB, Melbourne, Australia. RVIB has been providing services, resources and support to Victorians who are blind or vision impaired so that they may lead full and independent lives. provides free information and materials to increase personal independence, options and opportunities for people who are blind or have low vision.
Vision Cite
The VisionCite database consists of over 200,000 bibliographic citations to journal articles indexed by the librarians at the Illinois College of Optometry since 1984.  VisionCite covers 52 unique vision journals not indexed in PubMed.  Subject areas covered include optometry, ophthalmology, vision science, contact lenses, color perception, eye disease, and other related areas. New citations are added daily with approximately 12,000 added yearly.  There are no abstracts or full text in the database but the articles can be provided for a fee.  It is a subscription database with login access. Contact the Library Director for a free trial. 
Vision Council of America / Better Vision Institute
VCA is the largest nonprofit trade association that represents the interests of the entire optical community. Members of VCA are those which sell optical products in North America and exhibit at International Vision Expo East, International Vision Expo West, and EyeQuest. VCA has four categories of membership. Full Membership, Associate Membership, Exhibitor Membership and Trade Media Membership.
Vision of Children
One of the organization's goals is to disseminate information about the detection, incidence, and treatment of diseases or conditions that either severely impair vision or cause total blindness in children. The site addresses ocular albinism and other hereditary diseases affecting the eye.
Vision Eye Institute, Australia
A site that includes information for patients about laser eye surgery, cataracts, glaucoma, macular degeneration, and the retina. It has a page of links to patient information in multiple languages.
Vision Surgery Rehab Network
formerly Surgical Eyes™, for and by people withcomplications from refractive surgery to assist others who have had unsuccessful elective refractive surgeries.
Vision Research: National Plan for Eye and Vision Research (updated).
Vision Research: A National Plan, 1999-2003, the sixth plan in the series that dates back to the publication of the first plan, Vision Research Program Planning in 1975. The file is very large and may take some time in downloading.
Vision Therapy
The purpose of the site is to promote public awareness about vision therapy and to provide an online resource for professionals working in the specialty. Includes Links to Vision Therapy sites
Visionary: A Dictionary of terminology in vision research
Written and maintained by Lars Liden, Dept of Cognitive and Neural Systems, Boston University. A browsable online dictionary of over 350 terms related to human and animal vision, from Amblyopia to Zollner Illusion, and including "biological and machine vision, visual psychophysics, visual neuroscience and other related fields." Entries offer brief descriptions with occasional graphics and hot-linked cross references to related terms. There are also appendices of specialized terms, including one on the Cortical Areas, which maps each definition to its location on an outline of a Rhesus monkey brain.
VisionCareIndia (G.G.S.I.Eye Research)
From India, the site contains information about vision care and eyebanking, it contains a brief description of common eye conditions and diseases, children's vision, contact lens information, sports & vision, eye care tips, an educations center (for kids, for teachers,& for parents), and information on the some eye surgery procedures. It discusses such topics as detecting dry eye with dry eye machine, treatment for Central retinal vein occlusion(CRVO) by Laser blast therapy and a new technique for presbyopia.
Visionet Periodical Index
The Visionet database contains bibliographic citations of journal articles, books and slides located in the Southern College of Optometry (SCO) Library. Subject areas covered include vision science, contact lenses, eye disease, optometry and ophthalmology. The files were begun in 1976 and are current, with weekly updates. No abstracts or full text articles are available online, but most may be ordered from the SCO Library. Book and slide records are for information only, and cannot be provided by the SCO Library. You must have an ID and Password to use the system, registration is available online.
Vision Technology
A commercial site of a company that sells adaptive technology. Of particular Interest in this site is a helpful page dedicated to web assessibility tips and tricks for the vision imparied and the list of national and state Low Vision Resources.
Visual Field Reading Center
The VFRC is a division of the Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Science within the University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics. It was established to provide clinicians and researchers a means to quickly access and evaluate both raw and processed visual field data and to provide timely feedback to researchers, clinicians and patients.
Visual Impairment Data
Data from the World Health Organization.
Visually Impaired Preschool Services, Inc.
A private, non-profit agency providing services to infants, toddlers and preschoolers who are visually impaired (VI)  and to their families. VIPS produced the Can Do! video series and offers a glossary of early childhood VI terms on their website.
A resource for health information on "back of the eye" disease, treatment, and prevention. This site is intended for health professionals, healthcare information consumers, caregivers and allied professionals.This website is a project of a biomedical engineer involved in research into back of the eye disorders and their management, and is intended as a useful resource for everyone seeking such information.
Voice Recognition
A commercial site but has a large amount of voice recognition news, faqs, forums, industry trends, demonstrations as well as product information.
VOSH - Southeast - Volunteer Optometric Services to Humanity
A web site about the orgainzation. VOSH fosters vision improvement by providing free professional sight examinations, diagnosis and the provision of free prescription eyeglasses to its patients. VOSH services are free and no person is ever denied access to VOSH services because of social, religious or political reasons.
VRS-online: Vitreoretinal Symposium Marburg - Frankfurt
The VitreoRetinal Symposia (VRS) are a series of annual meetings featuring vitrectomy wetlabs and prominent international speakers who discuss the opportunities and limitations of selected vitreoretinal diagnostic and therapeutic approaches. Several sessions are dedicated to cover the latest improvements an developments of drugs, instruments, and methods used. Panel discussions for each session encourage information exchange.The VRS, first performed in 1998, is alternatively hosted in Marburg and Frankfurt/Main, Germany.

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Wake Forest University Eye Center
Department of Ophthalmology, Bowman Gray School of Medicine, Wake Forest University Eye Center. General Information about WFU Eye Center, the Residency Program, List of clinical conferences and general public seminars. A link to the North Carolina Lions Clinical Research site.
Washington DC Metropolitan Ophthalmological Society
Has search engine for DC ophthalmologists. Helpful websites for the public.
The Washington Eye Physicians & Surgeons
Contains a large collection of articles for the general public on eye disease with photos This state organization represents 294 ophthalmologist members.
Washington University, Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences
Washington University, St. Louis, Department of Ophthalmology.
WebAIM Low Vision Simulation
Low Visiol Simulator for web developers. See also WebAIM, Low Vision
A web site created by a Registered Nurse on macular degeneration. Includes information on prevention, treatment, nutrition, clinical trials and visual aids.
The Organization of the Vertebrate Retina. Via PubMed Books. see also the First Edition, University of Utah.
West Virginia Academy of Ophthalmology
About WVAO, their events and education with some featured links.
WHO Prevention of Blindness and Deafness
About the PBL project, Data on visual impairments, publications.
The Whole Brain Atlas
MRI image database of the brain.
Wills Eye Hospital
Patient and Professional Information, Case reports (Chiefs Rounds) and CME.
Wilmer Eye Institute
Wilmer Eye Institute, the Department of Ophthalmology of the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland.
This site is a resource for parents of blind babies and children. The site was started by parents of a baby who had Leber Congenital Amarousis (LCA). "We started as a way to share with others what we've learned about playing with and teaching a blind child."
World Council of Optometry
The World Council of Optometry (WCO) is an international organization dedicated to the enhancement and development of eye and vision care worldwide. Representing over 50 countries, WCO serves as a forum for member organizations to respond to public health needs and opportunities around the world.
The Wynn Institute for Vision Research
A research institute at the University of Iowa created to accelerate the eradication of heritable human blindness through interdisciplinary research, education and clinical care.

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Yale School of Medicine: Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science.
Clinical services, Research and Education.
A UK-based information resource dedicated to promoting eye health. It covers eye diseases, eye conditions, an opticians guide, laser eye surgery and more.


Carl Zeiss, Inc.
Ophthalmic Systems (Humphrey Instruments) and optics.
Zoomax is a developer and manufacturer of technology for people with vision impairments located in Hangzhou, China. Of particular interest is their Low Vision Information.

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Please note: We attempt, on this page, to select sites about the eye and vision. While a few exceptions have been made, we try to include vision science, eye health, and related sites only.

This web page is not intended as an advertising venue. It is not a link exchange nor a link farm. We do not list sites that are primarily commercial in nature.

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