The content of the EyeRounds.org web site is copyright © The University of Iowa, the participating institutions, and by the contributing authors. The University of Iowa allows visitors (including health care professionals who wish to distribute materials to patients) to duplicate portions of this site for personal or educational use without seeking permission from the authors. Any other requests to reproduce the content of this website may be submitted the webmaster.
NO ONE MAY USE THESE PHOTOGRAPHS OR PARTS OF THIS WEBSITE FOR PUBLICATIONS OR FINANCIAL GAIN WITHOUT WRITTEN AUTHORIZATION FROM THE CONTRIBUTING AUTHOR AND/OR THE UNIVERSITY OF IOWA.
No identifiable patient information is included on this site. You may not seek in any way to reverse engineer, decompile, examine, parse, decode or otherwise attempt to determine patient information from any images on this site. You may not use these images to create your own web page, website, or photo gallery. You may, however, download one copy of the images contained herein for your personal, non-commercial use only. You may use these images in conference presentations, lectures or teaching of trainees provided that you maintain intact all identifying information on the image, give credit to EyeRounds.org, and do not receive compensation for the use of these images. You may not modify the images except in size and brightness. You may not modify or represent as your own any other text, list, differential diagnosis or information contained on this website. If a particular photograph relates to identifiable persons or entities, you may not use it in a manner which suggests their association with or endorsement of any product, service, or opinion. In the event of downloading information for the aforementioned purposes, you are not granted title to the image or any information contained therein, but are granted a license only limited as stated herein, which license may be terminated at any time by EyeRounds.org. EyeRounds.org, its contributing institutions, and contributing authors retain full and complete title to all materials displayed on this website. Modification of these images outside of the aforementioned guidelines or use for any other purpose is a violation of the copyright laws of the United States of America and may be violation of international copyright laws. There are both civil and criminal penalties for copyright infringement.
Content on the University of Iowa Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences and EyeRounds.org websites are either written or reviewed by a physician. All information published here is believed to be accurate according to current medical knowledge and standards. While every effort is made to ensure this accuracy, the authors, The University of Iowa, the Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences and any other parties involved in the development of this website take no responsibility for any errors or inaccuracies that may be present in this website, or for the outcome of any actions that result from visiting this site. Also, the aforementioned groups take no responsibility for anything not on the website or linked to this site. The information provided by this website is NOT meant to replace or reduce the role of your physician, and we encourage you to talk with your doctor about anything that interests you from this site.
EyeRounds and its members do not give personal medical advice or answer personal medical questions. Nor can we know enough about an individual's medical history, healthcare needs, financial or insurance situation to make proper referrals.
The information that we make available through EyeRounds is intended for physicians and other healthcare professionals. While we hope you find EyeRounds helpful, you should remember that it is not meant to serve as a substitute for your own clinical judgment as a healthcare professional.
We do not provide medical advice. If you are a consumer who chooses to use the professional-level information available to you through EyeRounds, you should not rely on that information as professional medical advice or use it to replace any relationship with your physician or other qualified healthcare professional. For medical concerns, including decisions about medications and other treatments, consumers should always consult their physician or, in serious cases, seek immediate assistance from emergency personnel.
We do not offer you any warranty or guarantee related to the information that we provide. We specifically disclaim any warranties, express or implied, including implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose.
It is your job to evaluate the information and results from information we provide. If you are a healthcare professional, you should exercise your professional judgment in evaluating any information, and we encourage you to confirm the information made available or otherwise obtained through EyeRounds with other sources before undertaking any treatment based on such information.
If you are a consumer, you should evaluate the information together with your physician or another qualified healthcare professional.
The images, information, differential diagnoses and lists on this website are presented solely for informational purposes for medical education. These materials do not constitute medical advice and are not guaranteed to be correct, complete, comprehensive or current. They are provided "as is" and without warranties of any kind. We do not warrant that the information contained herein will be error-free or that errors will be corrected. The information contained at EyeRounds.org does not necessarily represent the proper diagnosis or treatment nor does it reflect the opinion of or treatments offered at the contributing institutions. The information contained herein should not be used in determining diagnoses or treatments for patients in clinical practice. You should not act or rely on any information contained on this site without first seeking the advice of an Ophthalmologist. Those who follow diagnostic or treatment guidelines found on this website, if any, do so at their own risk and liability. Under no circumstances shall we be liable for any damages resulting from use of images or information found on this website.
This website is provided as a resource for physicians in providing care and treatment to patients with ophthalmic disorders. Physicians are reminded, however, that guidelines for care can change and opinions can be controversial. In addition, the content contained within any site linked to this site is not the responsibility of our authors and editors. Neither the University of Iowa, the sponsors or contributing institutions, nor the individual authors and editors are responsible for deletions or inaccuracies in information or for claims of injury resulting from any such deletions or inaccuracies.
Mention of specific drugs or products within this site does not constitute endorsement by editors, authors, the University of Iowa, or the sponsors or contributing institutions. For specific treatment, drugs or products, physicians are advised to consult their normal resources before prescribing to their patients.
The site owners, operators and contributing institutions and sponsors SHALL NOT BE LIABLE TO ANY USER OR ANY THIRD PERSON AS A RESULT OF USE OF THE SITE BY A USER, OR AS A RESULT OF ANY POSTING OR INFORMATION CONTAINED IN OR DISCERNABLE FROM THIS SITE, for any claim of any kind, including defamation, disclosure of confidential information, negligence, or any other claim, no matter where brought or how the claim arises. If applicable laws do not allow limitation of liability in your locale, then our total liability should not exceed the amount paid by you for accessing this website.
NO MEDICAL ADVICE IS GIVEN NOR IS ANY PROVIDED ON THIS SITE. SUCH INFORMATION ON THIS SITE WHICH MAY BE MEDICAL IN NATURE IS INFORMATION ONLY FOR THE USE OF LICENSED AND EXPERIENCED MEDICAL PRACTITIONERS. USERS INTERESTED IN MEDICAL ADVICE OR TREATMENT MUST CONSULT A MEDICAL PRACTITIONER WITH AN APPROPRIATE SPECIALTY PROPERLY LICENSED IN THE USER'S JURISDICTION.
Persons who use this site are hereby WARNED that the owners, operators, contributing institutions and sponsors disclaim all warranties express or implied, including any WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR WARRANTY OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE which may apply or be claimed to apply to any use of this site, or any posting to this site.
This web site does not accept advertisements. The authors on EyeRounds.org and the University of Iowa Do Not Recommend or Endorse The Products or Services of Others. We do not recommend or endorse any specific tests, drugs, devices, products, services, physicians, or medical institutions that may be mentioned or referenced on this Web Site. Any advertisers who support this Web Site have no influence on the editorial content or presentation and any such advertisements are not implied or express endorsements of any product, service, or company.
EyeRounds.org is funded by unrestricted funds from The University of Iowa Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences and from The Iowa Eye Association who have no influence on the content of this site.