University of Iowa Health Care

Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences

EyeRounds Online Atlas of Ophthalmology

Contributor: William Charles Caccamise, Sr, MD, Retired Clinical Professor of Ophthalmology, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry

*Dr. Caccamise has very generously shared his images of patients taken while operating during the "eye season" in rural India as well as those from his private practice during the 1960's and 1970's. Many of his images are significant for their historical perspective and for techniques and conditions seen in settings in undeveloped areas.

Category: Glaucoma / Iris

Congenital glaucoma (hydrophthalmos) with central corneal leucoma - close-up of OS of boy in previous photograph

Congenital glaucoma ( hydrophthalmos ) with central corneal leucoma - close-up of OS of boy in previous photograph

Hydrophthalmos may lead to a central leucoma. At times,deep striae are apparent. They represent defect's in Descemet's membrane (Haab's striae). These defects may lead to edem of the cornea. Some texts do use buphthalmos (ox eye) synonymously with hydrophthalmos. At the Kurji Holy Family Eye Clinic, buphthalmos was reserved for secondary glaucoma in infants that had progressed to enlargement of the entire eyeball. Common causes of secondary glaucoma in infants were vitamin A deficiency, smallpox, gonorrhoea, and various infections of the cornea.

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Ophthalmic Atlas Images by, The University of Iowa are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

last updated: 02-08-2008