EyeRounds Online Atlas of Ophthalmology
Contributor: William Charles Caccamise, Sr, MD, Retired Clinical Professor of Ophthalmology, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry
*Dr. Caccamise has very generously shared his images of patients taken while operating during the "eye season" in rural India as well as those from his private practice during the 1960's and 1970's. Many of his images are significant for their historical perspective and for techniques and conditions seen in settings in undeveloped areas.
Category: Glaucoma / Iris
Because the Holy Family Hospital was looked upon as a court of last appeal, patients came from all over India. Congenital glaucoma was not a rarity in such a clinic population. Hydrophthalmos/hydrophthalmus is primary congenital glaucoma. It is frequently a quiet disease. Enlargement of the cornea may be the first suggestion of the disease.This form of congenital glaucoma is usually bilateral. Some use the term buphthalmos/buphthalmus as synonymous with hydrophthalmos. Others prefer to use buphthalmos when the child manifests a secondary glaucoma as a result of some other intraocular disease. Please see the close-up photograph of this patient's left eye. It demonstrates an enlarged cornea with a leucoma.
Ophthalmic Atlas Images by EyeRounds.org, The University of Iowa are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.