University of Iowa Health Care

Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences

EyeRounds.org

Oculoplastic Basic Tray

Madeliene Stump BA, Lindsay K. McConnell MD, Harinderpal S. Chahal MD, Erin M. Shriver MD, FACS

Photography by Brice Critser, FCA

Introduction:

Owing to the lack of a standard nomenclature across various manufacturers, description of surgical instrumentation remains nebulous among surgeons, surgical staff, and trainees of all levels. The instruments discussed below are found in all surgical trays used for oculofacial plastic surgery at the University of Iowa.

 

Description, common name, catalog number

Typical Use(s)

Photo

Tissue Forceps

   

Adson Tissue Forceps 4.875" with 1X2 Teeth

These forceps have teeth set at right angles and are designed for grasping skin.  They are used to grasp thick/heavy skin such as brow skin when performing a pre-trichial or direct browplasty.

Adson Tissue Forceps 4.875" with 1X2 TeethAdson Tissue Forceps 4.875" with 1X2 Teeth

 

Brown Adson Tissue Forceps 4.75"

These forceps have a wide, flat and serrated platform for thumb grasping. In addition, they have multiple rows of teeth at a right-angle, making them suitable for holding and manipulating subcutaneous tissue.  As with the Adson Tissue Forceps above, they are used most frequently during browplasty to grasp thicker/heavier tissues of the deep brow.

Brown Adson Tissue Forceps 4.75"

 

Paufique Suturing Wide Handle 3.375" with tying platform

These forceps have forward angled teeth and a wide serrated handle. They are versatile and have multiple applications including grasping delicate periocular tissues such as the eyelid skin during blepharoplasty and brow skin during browplasty.

Paufique Suturing Wide Handle 3.375" with tying platform

Paufique Suturing Wide Handle 3.375" with tying platform

 

Castroviejo Suturing Forceps 4.25" (in varying sizes; 0.12mm teeth, 0.3 mm teeth, and 0.5mm teeth) with tying platform

These forceps feature forward-angled teeth of various sizes which allows for grasping and manipulating tissues with greater ease. The handle is flat, and the forceps are straight with the tips forming the distal working end. These forceps are frequently used to work with finer tissue such as the conjunctiva or the eyelid skin during blepharoplasty.

Castroviejo Suturing Forceps 4.25" (in varying sizes; 0.12mm teeth, 0.3 mm teeth, and 0.5mm teeth) with tying platform

Castroviejo Suturing Forceps 4.25" (in varying sizes; 0.12mm teeth, 0.3 mm teeth, and 0.5mm teeth) with tying platform

 

Knife Handles

   

Bard-Parker Knife Handle #3 Safety

This is a reusable flat handle intended for combined use with surgical blades of varying shapes and sizes. The safety handle is designed for use with a conventional blade, and features a protective sheath to minimize risk to the surgeon and assistant while passing instruments.  In addition to size 3, designed for right-handed surgeons, a 3L is available for those who are left-handed. This handle has similar weight and balance to the standard Bard-Parker handle with easy one-step blade removal. Skin incisions such as those required in browplasty and blepharoplasty, are created with this handle and a #15 Bard-Parker blade to allows for precise skin separation.  A #11 blade is used on this handle for penetrating incisions such as for incision and drainage of an abscess or chalazion

Bard-Parker Knife Handle #3 Safety

 

Bard-Parker Knife Handle #9 4.25"

This handle has similar application to the one above but lacks a protective sheath for the blade.

Bard-Parker Knife Handle #9 4.25"

 

Scissors

   

Metzenbaum Dissecting Scissors Curved 5.5"

These scissors have blunted tips and are designed for both cutting delicate tissue and for blunt tissue dissection. They are not recommended for cutting sutures, drains, or heavy tissue. The Metzenbaum scissors are similar to Mayo scissors but are lighter with a more slender midsection which improves their utility in tighter operating fields. Often these scissors are used to release the conjoint tendon via browplasty incisions placed at, or behind, the hairline. Metzenbaum Dissecting Scissors Curved 5.5"
Metzenbaum Dissecting Scissors Curved 5.5"

Storz Iris Scissors Curved Small 3.25"

These multi-utility scissors have a variety of oculoplastic uses including trimming skin and fashioning lateral tarsal strips. These are also sometimes referred to as 3397s.

Storz Iris Scissors Curved Small 3.25"

Storz Iris Scissors Curved Small 3.25"

Stevens Tenotomy Scissors Curved 4.5"

Tenotomy scissors have characteristically long handles and small, sharp blades with sharp or blunt wedge-shaped tips. They are used for dissection and cutting. The long handles provide the surgeon with a firm grip and control while operating in narrow areas. Stevens Tenotomy Scissors are commonly used to dissect into the four periocular quadrants in an enucleation.

Stevens Tenotomy Scissors Curved 4.5"

Stevens Tenotomy Scissors Curved 4.5"

Westcott Tenotomy Scissors 4.625"

These versatile spring-handle thumb scissors are designed for cutting delicate tissues, and come in both blunt and sharp-tip forms. They are the workhorse in eyelid surgery and are commonly used for both blunt and sharp dissection.  Examples of their use include in the opening of the orbital septum in procedures such as levator advancements and upper eyelid blepharoplasty with fat removal.

Westcott Tenotomy Scissors 4.625" - blunt

Westcott Tenotomy Scissors 4.625"- blunt

blunt

Westcott Tenotomy Scissors 4.625" - sharp

Westcott Tenotomy Scissors 4.625" - sharpsharp

Needle Holders

Needle holders are designed to grasp, hold, and maneuver surgical needles. Most needle holders feature a clamp mechanism to lock the needle in place. To maintain a firm grip on the needle, the jaws can be textured and short when compared to the handles.  Smooth jaws cause less damage to the needle while serrated jaws allow for a firmer grasp of the needle.  

Castroviejo Delicate Straight Needle Holder with Lock 5.625"

Available in various sizes, the locking system on this needle holder ensures a firm grasp of the needle. It is used to pass most needles in oculoplastic procedures, including tagging of the extraocular muscles during enucleation and closing a blepharoplasty incision. The tying platform allows for grasping of the needle during reloading or for grasping of suture while tying. Additionally, the design of the handle allows for improved flexibility and mobility as the surgeon can easily rotate it within his or her hand.

Castroviejo Delicate Straight Needle Holder with Lock 5.625"

Webster Needle Holder 5"

This ring-handle needle holder is used when significant force is needed to pass a needle or when long/deep passes are made through sub-cutaneous tissues.  Often a larger needle, which is at risk for popping off the Castroviejo, is used for these passes.  The brow fixation during posterior hairline browplasty is placed using the Webster Needle Holder.  They are available with smoother or serrated jaws.

Webster Needle Holder 5"

Webster Needle Holder 5"

Hooks

   

Tyrell Iris Sharp Hook 4.75"

This small, single-pronged hook is used for retraction, dissection, and removal of tissues. These hooks are used when undermining thin skin such as during direct closure of an eyelid laceration or for manipulation of the lacrimal sac and nasal mucosa flaps in dacryocystorhinostomy.

Tyrell Iris Sharp Hook 4.75"

Tyrell Iris Sharp Hook 4.75"

2 Prong Skin Hook 5.125" X 15mm

This small, double-pronged hook is used for holding and retracting the edges of skin during surgery.  This skin hook of choice for retracting eyelid skin prevents crushing that would otherwise be caused by the use of forceps.

2 Prong Skin Hook 5.125" X 15mm

2 Prong Skin Hook 5.125" X 15mm

2 Prong Skin Hook 5.125" X 15mm

Joseph Double Hook 6.375" X 7mm

This retractor is larger in size and is often used for elevating thicker tissues while minimizing crush damage.  For example it is used to retract the forehead tissues during a pre-trichial dissection.

Joseph Double Hook 6.375" X 7mm

Joseph Double Hook 6.375" X 7mm

Joseph Double Hook 6.375" X 7mm

Retractors

 

 

Knapp Lacrimal Sac Angled 4 Prong Blunt Retractor 5.5"

This retractor resembles a small rake with its four wide, blunt prongs. It is helpful in tight spaces such as the medial canthus/lacrimal sac. Examples of its use include when removing the medial fat pad during blepharoplasty and when performing transcaruncular dissection.

Knapp Lacrimal Sac Angled 4 Prong Blunt Retractor 5.5"

Knapp Lacrimal Sac Angled 4 Prong Blunt Retractor 5.5"

Knapp Lacrimal Sac Angled 4 Prong Blunt Retractor 5.5"

Senn Double Ended 3 Prong Sharp Retractor 6.25"

This double-ended retractor has one end that is angled and blunt.  The other end, which is directed in the opposite direction, is rake shaped with three prongs which can be either sharp or blunt. This retractor has many uses and one such example is for elevating malar tissues during a mid-face lift

Senn Double Ended 3 Prong Sharp Retractor 6.25"

Senn Double Ended 3 Prong Sharp Retractor 6.25"

Senn Double Ended 3 Prong Sharp Retractor 6.25"

Ribbon Malleable Retractors

These retractors are made from malleable stainless steel, allowing for easy modification of retractor angle and shape. The blades are available in a variety of sizes depending on the surgeon's need and are commonly used during orbital dissection to keep orbital fat out of the surgical field.

Ribbon Malleable Retractors

Jaeger Lid Plate

This large instrument has a concave and a convex surface which serve to complement the contour of the globe and allow for its placement between the lid and the globe during eyelid surgery. It provides a rigid surface on which lid dissection can be safely performed while protecting the globe.  This plate is commonly used for this purpose when harvesting a Hughes flap.  It resembles a shoehorn and for this reason is also commonly called a "shoehorn retractor".

Jaeger Lid Plate

Speculum

   

Lancaster Eye Speculum 3.25"

This is a rigid speculum which allows for adjusting of the width of the palpebral fissure. In addition, it has guards to keep the eyelashes away during surgery although this can also be accomplished with the use of surgical drapes. A possible disadvantage of this speculum is that it can create significant force on the eyelids which may increase the rate of post-operative ptosis or other eyelid malpositions.

Lancaster Eye Speculum 3.25"

Lancaster Eye Speculum 3.25"

Jaffe Lid Retractor 2.125"

This speculum is designed to pull the lid back with a secure hold to expose the anterior aspect of the globe. The Jaffe lid retractors come in a set of two which allows for simultaneous upper and lower lid retraction.  They can be anchored to surgical drapes using rubber bands and hemostat clamps to effectively keep the eyelids out of the surgical field.  The open wire design exerts less force on the eyelids so there is theoretically less risk of post-operative ptosis or other eyelid malposition.  As the amount of force can be easily adjusted for the upper and lower retractor separately, it can be used to retract delicate tissues such as the skin, orbicularis, and preaponeurotic fat during levator advancement or recession.  These are our preferred lid retractors and are commonly used when performing upper eyelid surgery and enucleations or other oculoplastic surgeries involving the globe.

Jaffe Lid Retractor 2.125"

Jaffe Lid Retractor 2.125"

Elevators

   

Freer Periosteal Elevator 7.5"

This is a multipurpose tool used in many procedures, commonly to elevate the periosteum from bone in confined spaces. It is double ended and typically has a rounded handle with two slightly curved, tear-drop shaped tips. One tip is blunt while the other is sharp. The curvature of the tips allows for the navigation of contours, such as when elevating the periosteum during repair of orbital floor fractures.

Freer Periosteal Elevator 7.5"

Freer Periosteal Elevator 7.5"

Suction Tips

   

Frazier Suction Tip 8Fr #2

This is a thin instrument used for the removal of fluid or debris from confined surgical spaces. Suction is controlled by a small opening on the handle and there are multiple tip sizes available. The size of the suction tube is indicated by the French measurement scale (three times the diameter in millimeters).  The suction tube also has a thin wire (stylet) that can be placed into the tube to remove tissue that may become trapped during suctioning. The Frazier Suction Tip is used during cases where heme may obscure the surgical field such as during dacryocystorhinostomy or orbital fracture repair.

Frazier Suction Tip 8Fr #2

Frazier Suction Tip 8Fr #2

Baron Ear Suction Tip 5Fr 5.125"

This is small sized suction tip is used to provide suction within narrow spaces (originally designed for use in the ear). The suction is controlled by covering the small opening located on the thumb plate proximal to the handle.  The size of the suction tube is indicated by the French measurement scale (three times the diameter in millimeters).  The instrument is angled slightly to avoid obstructing the view of the area being suctioned by the surgeon's hand.  This suction tip is used during orbital dissection where space does not allow for the use of a larger suction tip. Unlike with the Frazier, there is no stylet for this suction.

Baron Ear Suction Tip 5Fr 5.125"

Baron Ear Suction Tip 5Fr 5.125"

Lacrimal/Accessory Instruments

   

Castroviejo Double Ended Lacrimal Dilator Straight 5.5"


Ziegler Double Ended Lacrimal Dilator Curved 5.125"

This is a double-ended instrument that is most commonly used in lacrimal system procedures. The dilator is used to help enlarge the puncta and canaliculus for punctal or canalicular procedures such as probing, stenting, punctal plug placement, punctoplasty, or marsupialization of the canaliculus.


These dilators serve a purpose identical to those of the Castroviejo dilators described above but are curved instead of straight.  The curve aids in passage of the dilator through the punctum into the canaliculus.

Castroviejo Double Ended Lacrimal Dilator Straight 5.5"

Castroviejo Double Ended Lacrimal Dilator Straight 5.5"

Castroviejo Double Ended Lacrimal Dilator Straight 5.5"

Bowman Probes (Sizes 0000-000, 00-0, 1-2, 3-4, 5-6, & 7-8) 5.75"

These probes may be used to detect obstruction or laceration of the nasolacrimal system.  They are also used to lyse stenotic membranes within the nasolacrimal system.

Bowman Probes (Sizes 0000-000, 00-0, 1-2, 3-4, 5-6, & 7-8) 5.75"

Bowman Probes (Sizes 0000-000, 00-0, 1-2, 3-4, 5-6, & 7-8) 5.75"

Miscellaneous

   

Serrefine Dieffenbach Small 1/5"

Also known as "bulldog clamps," these are commonly used in oculoplastics to secure suture and prevent entangling with other suture as is done for the rectus muscle sutures in an enucleation.

Serrefine Dieffenbach Small 1/5"

Serrefine Dieffenbach Small 1/5"

References

  1. Kirkup J. Bard-Parker scalpels. Journal of medical biography 2005;13:206.
  2. Ochsner J. Surgical knife. Texas Heart Institute journal 2009;36:441-3.
  3. El-Sedfy A, Chamberlain RS. Surgeons and their tools: a history of surgical instruments and their innovators--part I: place the scissors on the Mayo stand. The American surgeon 2014;80:1089-92.

Suggested Citation Format

Stump M, McConnell LK, Chahal HS, Shriver EM. Oculoplastic Basic Instrument Tray. EyeRounds.org. March 13, 2017; Available from: http://eyerounds.org/tutorials/instruments/Oculoplastics/OculoplasticTray/index.htm

last updated: 03/12/2017
Share this page: